Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (21):
1

Gregor Mendel was a what

Mathematician, monk, and agriculturist

2

Mendel was able to cross a pure white with a pure purple flowered pea plant and his results were

All purple flowers

3

If Mendel crossed the F1 plants (all purple hybrids), which of the above did he get

None

4

When Mendel crossed a hybrid with a pure white flowered plant, the result was what

50% white and 50% purple

5

If Mendel crosses a pure green plant with a pure yellow colored pea plant and only got green colored peas, the green color was said to be what

Dominant

6

The offspring of that are said to be

Hybrids or heterozygous

7

If Mendel wanted to know if a dominant shown trait was either homozygous or heterozygous in the pea, he would cross it with which of the following to find out

Pure recessive plant

8

In a mono hybrid cross the ratios of the phenotypes is what

3:1

9

If Mendel crosses a hybrid with a pure recessive the ratios are what

1:1

10

If Mendel made a dihybrid cross, the phenotypic ratios are what

9:3:3:1

11

And human genetics most mutations are studied by use of family what

Pedigrees and histories

12

In a pedigree chart the circles are what

Females

13

A test cross is used to determine

The genotype of an organism with a phenotypically dominant trait

14

The physical position of a gene on a chromosome is its

Locus

15

Slightly different from of a gene are what

Alleles

16

Independent assortment

Which allele is included in a gamete has no effect on which allele of the second gene is included in the gamete

17

Kleinfelters

XXY

18

Turners

X

19

Jacobs

XYY

20

Polygenetics

Every possible combo produces a different color

21

Multiple alleles

Blood type