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Flashcards in chapter 10 Deck (12):
1

prokaryote

an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have a nucleus.

2

bacilli

a bacteria that is shaped like a rod.

3

cocci

a bacteria that is spherical in shape

4

spirilla

a bacteria that is shaped like a spiral

5

binary fission

a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into tow cells of the same size.

6

endospore

a thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial cell and resists harsh conditions.

7

nitrogen fixation

take in nitrogen from the air and change it to a form that plants can use.

8

bioremediation

the biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organisms.

9

antibiotic

medicine used to kill bacteria and other microoganisms

10

pathogenic bacteria

bacteria that cause disease.

11

virus

a microscopic particle that gets inside a cell and often destroys the cell

12

host

an organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter