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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (26):
1

Acute coronary syndrome

Sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction.

2

Aneurysm

Ballooning of a weakened portion of arterial wall.

3

Angina pectoris

Chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the muscle.

4

Arrhythmia

Any disturbance or abnormality in the hearts normal rhythmic pattern

5

Atrial fibrillation

A cardiac arrhythmia characterized by chaotic, rapid electrical impulse into the atria. The atria quiver instead of contracting, causing irregular ventricular response and ejection of a reduced amount of blood. The blood that remains in the Atria becomes static, increasing the risk of clot formation, which may lead to a stroke.

6

Cardiac arrest

Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

7

Cardiac tamponade

Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity.

8

Coarctation of the aorta

Congenital cardiac condition characterized by narrowing of the aorta.

9

Congenital heart disease

Heart abnormality present at birth.

10

Congestive heart failure

Inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen.

11

Coronary artery disease

The condition that reduces the flow blood through the coronary arteries to the Myocardial, Denying the myocardium tissue of sufficient oxygen and nutrients to function fully; most often caused by coronary atherosclerosis. HEART FAILURE.

12

Coronary occlusion

Obstruction of an artery of the heart, usually from Atherosclerosis.

13

Deep vein thrombosis

Condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body. Most often in the lower extremities. A clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.

14

Hypertensive heart disease

Disorder of the heart brought by persistent high blood pressure.

15

Intermittent clarification

Pain and discomfort in the calf muscles while walking; A condition seen in occlusive artery disease.

16

Mitral valve stenosis

A narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of the rheumatic fever.

17

Myocardial infraction

Death (necrosis) of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from interrupted blood supply. HEART ATTACK

18

Peripheral arterial disease

Disease of the arteries, other than those of the heart and brain, that affects blood circulation, such as atherosclerosis and Raynaud disease. The most common symptom of peripheral atherosclerosis is intermittent claudication.

19

Rheumatic heart disease

Damage to the heart muscles or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever.

20

Varicose veins

Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities.

21

Anemia

Reduction of the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Anemia may be caused by blood loss or decrease in the production or increase in the destruction of red blood cells.

22

Embolus

Blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point into circulation.

23

Hemophilia

Inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII

24

Leukmia

Malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abdominal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow.

25

Hodgkin disease

Malignant disorders of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes.

26

Infectious mononucleosis

An acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue, and fever. The disease affects mostly young people and is usually transmitted by saliva.