Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (26):
Acute coronary syndrome
Sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction.
Ballooning of a weakened portion of arterial wall.
Chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the muscle.
Any disturbance or abnormality in the hearts normal rhythmic pattern
A cardiac arrhythmia characterized by chaotic, rapid electrical impulse into the atria. The atria quiver instead of contracting, causing irregular ventricular response and ejection of a reduced amount of blood. The blood that remains in the Atria becomes static, increasing the risk of clot formation, which may lead to a stroke.
Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity.
Coarctation of the aorta
Congenital cardiac condition characterized by narrowing of the aorta.
Congenital heart disease
Heart abnormality present at birth.
Congestive heart failure
Inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen.
Coronary artery disease
The condition that reduces the flow blood through the coronary arteries to the Myocardial, Denying the myocardium tissue of sufficient oxygen and nutrients to function fully; most often caused by coronary atherosclerosis. HEART FAILURE.
Obstruction of an artery of the heart, usually from Atherosclerosis.
Deep vein thrombosis
Condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body. Most often in the lower extremities. A clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.
Hypertensive heart disease
Disorder of the heart brought by persistent high blood pressure.
Pain and discomfort in the calf muscles while walking; A condition seen in occlusive artery disease.
Mitral valve stenosis
A narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of the rheumatic fever.
Death (necrosis) of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from interrupted blood supply. HEART ATTACK
Peripheral arterial disease
Disease of the arteries, other than those of the heart and brain, that affects blood circulation, such as atherosclerosis and Raynaud disease. The most common symptom of peripheral atherosclerosis is intermittent claudication.
Rheumatic heart disease
Damage to the heart muscles or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever.
Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities.
Reduction of the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Anemia may be caused by blood loss or decrease in the production or increase in the destruction of red blood cells.
Blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point into circulation.
Inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII
Malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abdominal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow.
Malignant disorders of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes.