Chapter 10&11 Vocab Flashcards Preview

Dental Assisting > Chapter 10&11 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10&11 Vocab Deck (25):
0

Abscess

A collection of pus in a localized area

1

Aphthous ulcers

Painful ulcers appearing in the oral cavity as a circular lesion with a yellow center and a red outline or halo, sometimes referred to as a canker sore

2

Candida albicans

An oral yeast infection presenting as a thick, white covering on oral mucosa; also called moniliasis.

3

Carcinoma

Cancerous lesion of the epithelium that spreads into bone and connective tissues

4

Exudate

Cellular debris from an infection; the drainage of pus

5

Herpetic whitlow

Painful crusting ulcerations on the fingers or hands resulting from exposure to the herpes virus

6

Hyperplasia

Excess folds of the tissue that result from an ill-fitting denture

7

Leukoplakia

Usually a precipitating factor for cancer; appears as a white leathery patch that cannot be identified as any other white lesion

8

Obturator

Constructed prosthetic device designed to lose a congenital or acquired opening in the palate

9

Sarcoma

Malignant neoplasm beginning in supportive and connective tissue such as bones

10

Squamous cell carcinoma

Malignant lesion that metastasizes into surrounding tissues or into the lymph nodes of the body

11

Tori

Oral maxillary, mandibular, or palatial bone growths projecting outward from the surface

12

AIDS

Disease that destroys the body's immune system

13

Aerobic bacteria

Bacteria that depend on oxygen to survive

14

Bacteria

Small one-celled microorganisms

15

Candidiasis

Disease caused by the fungus Candida albicans; also called oral thrush

16

Hepatitis

A viral infection that affects the liver

17

HIV

A virus that attacks a specific type of white blood cell that controls the body's immune response

18

Pathogenic

Disease producing

19

Penicillin

The first antibiotic

20

Spore

Layers of protective membranes formed by some bacteria

21

Streptococcus mutans

The primary bacteria found in dental plaque

22

Tetanus

Disease caused by bacteria often found in soil; the bacteria often enter the body via a wound in the skin

23

Tuberculosis

A bacterial infection that affects the lungs

24

Viruses

The smallest microorganism