Chapter 10&13 Pathologies Flashcards Preview

Human Phys- Med Terms > Chapter 10&13 Pathologies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10&13 Pathologies Deck (35):
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Hydrocephalus

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain

1

Spina bifida

Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts

2

Alzheimer's disease

Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration, personality changes, and impairment of daily function

3

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem

4

Epilepsy

Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity

5

Huntington disease

Hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration

6

Multiple sclerosis

Destruction of the myelin sheath on neutrons in the CNS and it's replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue

7

Myasthenia gravis

Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles

8

Palsy

Paralysis (partial or complete loss of motor function)

9

Parkinson disease

Degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement

10

Tourette syndrome

Involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements; uncontrollable vocal sounds; and inappropriate words

11

Herpes zoster (shingles)

Viral infecting affecting peripheral nerves

12

Meningitis

Inflammation of the meninges;

13

HIV

Brain disease and dementia occurring with aids

14

Brain tumor

Abnormal growth of brain tissue and meninges

15

Cerebral concussion

Type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head

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Cerebral contusion

Bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head

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Cerebrovascular accident

Disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke

18

Migraine

Severe, recurring, unilateral, vascular headache

19

Anemia

Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin

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Aplastic anemia

Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow

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Hemolytic anemia

Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction

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Pernicious anemia

Lack of mature erythrocytes cussed by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the bloodstream

23

Sickle cell anemia

Hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle shaped erythrocytes and hemolysis

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Thalassemia

Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin, leading to hypochromia

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Hemochromatosis

Excess iron deposits throughout the body

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Polycythemia Vera

General increase in red blood cells

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Hemophilia

Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting

28

Purpura

Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin

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Leukemia

Increase in cancerous white blood cells

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Acute myelogenous leukemia

Immature granulocytes predominate

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Acute lymphocytic leukemia

Immature lymphocytes predominate

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Granulocytosis

Abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood

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Mononucleosis

Infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes

34

Multiple myeloma

Malignant neoplasm of bone marrow