Chapter 10-Circulation & Respiration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10-Circulation & Respiration Deck (141)
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1

Blood is pumped away from the heart through the:

arteries

2

Blood is pumped away from the heart through the arteries, and it moves back to the heart through the:

veins

3

The vessels which link the larger vessels are the microscopic:

capillaries

4

About 55% of the total blood volume is a liquid called:

Plasma

5

45% of the blood consists of what three things?

red blood cells
white blood cells
Platelets

6

What is the most plentiful of the blood proteins, and is manufactured in the liver and helps you regulate the amount of water in the blood?

albumin

7

What are made in the liver as well as in lymph tissue, and are a broad category of blood proteins that help to transport fats throughout the body and help fight infections?

Globulins

8

What is a blood protein made in the liver, and helps in the clotting of blood?

Fibrinogen

9

What are the three blood proteins that are all created in the liver?

Albumin
Globulins
Fibrinogen

10

If a person loses too much blood or plasma as a result of an injury or a burn, the body's blood pressure may fall to critical low, causing a condition known as:

Circulatory shock

11

What is a master of design for doing its job of carrying oxygen?

Red blood cell, or erythrocyte

12

The cytoplasm of red blood cells contains _____________, a special iron containing blood protein which binds easily to oxygen and gives its characteristics red color.

Hemoglobin

13

What is a disorder resulting from too little oxygen being transported to body cells?

Anemia

14

A unique disease of the erythrocytes is____________, a genetic disease caused by a genetic defect in the hemoglobin molecules that causes them to clump together into elongated crystals under certain conditions.

Sickle-cell anemia

15

Surplus red blood cells are stored in the __________ until they are needed.

Spleen

16

What is a hand-sized organ located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach, and supplies the body with stored red blood cells whenever it needs extra oxygen-carriers, such as during exercise or when moving from sea level to the mountains?

Spleen

17

The blood contains several kinds of ____________, which are produced in the bone marrow and the lymph nodes.

White blood cells, or leukocytes

18

What is a form of cancer in which white blood cells are produced in uncontrollable numbers?

Leukemia

19

The job of patrolling your 60,000 miles of blood vessels for leaks belongs to your _______, tiny disk-shaped cell fragments produced in the bone marrow that serve as roving patch kits.

Platelets

20

In large blood vessels or in areas of more extensive damage, a process known as ______, is used to seal the break.

Clotting

21

If the blood clot is on the surface of the skin, a ________ develops, and healing begins along the perimeter of the wound.

Scab

22

An inherited disease called __________ results in the inability to form blood clots.

Hemophilia

23

The heart, the blood vessels, and the blood they contain all make up the:

Cardiovascular system

24

Red blood cells contain "identification tags;" these tags are referred to as ___________ because they trigger the immune system to attack the red blood cells when the wrong types of blood are mixed, causing the cells to clump together or agglutinate.

Antigens or agglutinogens

25

Anyone can receive what type of blood because its red blood cells have neither A nor B "tags" to alarm the recipient's immune system?

Type O blood

26

People with type O blood are sometimes called _________ because they can donate to people of any blood type.

Universal donors

27

What blood type individual can receive any type of blood because neither of these "tags" alarm his immune system?

Type AB blood

28

People with type AB blood are sometimes called ______________, because neither A nor B "tags" alarm his immune system.

Universal recipients

29

People that contain the "identification tag" known as the Rh factor are said to be:

Rh positive

30

People who lack the "identification tag" known as Rh positive are said to be:

Rh negative