Chapter 10 - Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10 - Musculoskeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Musculoskeletal System Deck (105):
1

ankyl/o

stiffness; bent, crooked

2

arthr/o

joint

3

kyph/o

humpback

4

lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebral arch)

5

lord/o

curve, swayback

6

myel/o

bone marrow; spinal cord

7

orth/o

straight

8

oste/o

bone

9

ped/o

foot; child

10

ped/i

foot; child

11

scoli/o

crooked, bent

12

thorac/o

chest

13

acromi/o

acromion (projection of scapula)

14

brachi/o

arm

15

calcane/o

calcaneum (heel bone)

16

carp/o

carpus (wrist bone)

17

cephal/o

head

18

cervic/o

neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

19

clavicul/o

clavicle (collar bone)

20

cost/o

Ribs

21

crani/o

cranium (skull)

22

dactyl/o

fingers; toes

23

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

24

fibul/o

fibula (smaller bone of lower leg)

25

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

26

ili/o

ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)

27

lumb/o

loins (lower back)

28

metacarp/o

metacarpus (hand bones)

29

metatars/o

metatarsus (foot bones)

30

patell/o

patella (kneecap)

31

pelv/i

pelvis

32

pelv/o

pelvis

33

phalang/o

phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)

34

pod/o

foot

35

pub/o

pelvis bone (anterior part of pelvic bone)

36

radi/o

radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)

37

spondyl/o

vertebrae (backbone)

38

vertebr/o

vertebrae (backbone)

39

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

40

tibi/o

tibia (larger bone of lower leg)

41

leiomy/o

smooth muscle (visceral)

42

muscul/o

muscle

43

my/o

muscle

44

rhabd/o

rod-shaped (striated)

45

rhabdomy/o

rod-shaped (striated) muscle

46

chondr/o

cartilage

47

fasci/o

band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separatingmuscles)

48

fibr/o

fiber, fibrous tissue

49

synov/o

synovial membrane, synovial fluid

50

ten/o

tendon

51

tend/o

tendon

52

tendin/o

tendon

53

-asthenia

weakness, debility

54

-blast

adyssubembryonic cell

55

-clasia

to break; surgical fracture

56

-clast

to break

57

-desis

binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

58

-malacia

softening

59

-physis

growth

60

-porosis

porous

61

-scopy

visual examination

62

a

without, not

63

dys

bad; painful; difficult

64

sub-

under, below

65

supra-

above; excessive; superior

66

syn-

union, together, joined

67

ACL

anterior cruciate ligament

68

Ca

calcium; cancer

69

AE

above the elbow

70

CDH

congenital dislocation of the hip

71

AK

above the knee

72

CTS

carpal tunnel syndrome

73

BE

barium enema; below the elbow

74

CT

computed tomography

75

BK

below the knee

76

DEXA,DXA

dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

77

C1, C2, and so on

first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on

78

DJD

degenerative joint disease

79

EMG

electromyography

80

MS

musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mental status; mitral stenosis

81

Fx

fracture

82

NSAIDs

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

83

MG

myasthenia gravis

84

ORTH, ortho

orthopedics

85

HD

hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance

86

P

phosphorus; pulse

87

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)

88

PCL

posterior cruciate ligament

89

HP

hemipelvectomy

90

RA

rheumatoid arthritis; right atrium

91

IS

intracostal space

92

RF

rheumatoid factor; radio frequency

93

IM

intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis

94

ROM

range of motion

95

SD

shoulder disarticulation

96

KD

knee disarticulation

97

THA

total hip arthroplasty

98

L1, L2, and so on

first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on

99

THR

total hip replacement

100

LS

lumbosacral spine

101

TKA

total knee arthroplasty

102

MG

myasthenia gravis

103

TKR

total knee replacement

104

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

105

TRAM

transverse rectus abdominis muscle