Chapter 10 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Quiz Deck (16):
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Achievement Motivation

the desire to experience success and to participate in activities in which success depends on personal effort and abilities

1

Attribution Theory

a theory of motivation that focuses on how people explain the causes of their own successes and failure

2

Contingent Praise

praise that is effective because it refers directly to specific task or performance

3

deficiency needs

basic requirements for physical and physiological well-being as identified by maslow

4

expectancy theory

a theory of motivation based on the belief that peoples efforts to achieve depend on their expectations or reward

5

expectancy-valence model

a theory that relates the probability and the incentive value of success to motivation

6

extrinsic incentive

a reward that is external to the activity, such as recognition or a good grade

7

feedback

information on the results of ones efforts

8

growth needs

needs for knowing, appreciating and understanding, which people try to satisfy after their basic needs are met

9

intrinsic incentive

an aspect of an activity that people enjoy and, therefore, find motivating

10

learned helplessness

the expectation, based on experience, that one actions will ultimately lead to failure

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learning goals

the goals of students who are motivated primarily by the desire of knowledge acquisition and self-improvement. also called mastery goals

12

locus of control

a personality trait that determines whether people attribute responsibility their own failures or success to internal and external factors

13

motivation

the influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior

14

performance goals

the goals of students who are motivated primarily by a desire to gain recognitioon from others and to earn good grades

15

self-actualization

a persons ability to develop his or her full potential