Chapter 10 Section 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Section 1 Deck (39):
1

After the Civil War the president and Congress grappled with the difficult task of what?

Reconstruction

2

Lincoln wanted a what kind of policy that would reconcile Southerners

Moderate

3

Did Lincoln want to punish the Southerners for treason?

No

4

Lincoln offered a general what to all Southerners who took oath of loyalty to the US and accpeted the unions proclamation concerning slavery.

Amnesty

5

Who strongly opposed Lincoln's plan?

Radical Republicans

6

Radical Republicans wanted to prevent the leaders of what group from returning to power?

Confederacy

7

Radical Republicans wanted the federal government to help African Americans achieve political equality by guaranteeing their right to what in the South?

Vote

8

Which group thought Lincoln was too lenient?

The Moderates

9

Which group thought Lincoln wasn't going far enough?

The Radicals

10

The Moderates and Radicals combined to form what plan?

Wade-Davis Plan

11

Congress passed the Wade-Davis Plan but LIncoln did what to it?

Pocket Veto-ed it

12

As Sherman marched through Georgia thousand of African Americans known as ???

Freedmans

13

The refugee crises prompted Congress to establish the what?

Bureau of Refugees

14

Bureau of Refugees,Freedman, and Abandoned Lands are better known as

Freedman's Bureau

15

Who was Lincoln's vice president?

Andrew Johnson

16

In the summer of 1865, Johnson initiated the what?

Restoration Program

17

The new southern legislature passed a series of laws known as what?

Black Codes

18

The republicans created a Joint committee on what?

Reconstruction

19

In an effort to override the Black Codes Congress passed the what?

Civil Rights Act

20

What did the Civil Rights Act do?

granted citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. except Native Americans

21

Civil Rights Act gave the what government the power to sue people who violated it?

Federal Government

22

worried that the supreme court might overturn the Civil Rights Act the Republicans then introduced the what?

Fourteenth Amendment

23

In March 1867 congressional Republicans passed the.....

Military Reconstruction Act

24

The Military Reconstruction Act, divided the confederacy, except for Tennessee, into how many districts

5

25

By the end of 1868 how many former confederate states had been admitted back into the union

6

26

Congress passed what two Acts in order to prevent Johnson from bypassing Grant of firing Stanton

Command of the Army Act and Tenure of Office Act

27

challengeing the Tenure of Office Act, Johnson fired who?

Stanton

28

The house voted to do what to Johnson

impeach

29

Congress then passed what Amendement?

15th

30

When a president lets a session of Congress expire without signing a piece of legislation

pocket veto

31

law that severely limited the rights of African Americans

Black Codes

32

granted citizenship to all person born in the United States except Native Americans

Civil Rights Act of 1866

33

Required Senate approval for removal of government officials

Tenure of Office Act

34

given task of feeding and clothing war refugees in the South, amoung other good works

Freeman's Bureau

35

The south would not be able to maintain its agricultural output until it developed a new system to replave what

enslaved labor

36

Which group would not be allowed to vote or hold elective office under the provisions of the Wade-Davis Bill

Confederate Officials

37

The actions of the Freedmans Bureau helped to prevent what

mass starvation

38

President Johnson proclaimed that each former confederate state had to call a constitutional convention to revoke its ordinance of secession and ratify the

thirteenth amendment

39

Republican victories in the congressional elections of 1866 meant they were strong enough to override any presidential what

veto