Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Section 1 Deck (19):
What did the physical geography shape?
Greek life and culture.
Where was the early Greek world?
It lay on the fringe of two continents: Europe and Asia.
What does modern Greece occupy?
A large peninsula that juts into the Mediterranean Sea.
What is a peninsula?
A land area almost surrounded by water.
What is the largest peninsula of Greese
The peloponnesian peninsula.
When did Greek speaking people enter what is now modern Greece?
What is Mainland Greece divided by?
Mountain ranges. They were good for grazing sheep and goats, but they were too steep for farming. Less than one quarter of the land could be used for farming.
What did the mountain ranges do?
They isolated the Greek people, making them independent so they were often at war with each other.
What is Greece's climate like?
They have mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
Why was Greece constantly trading for grain?
The lack of rain made it impossible to grow short rooted crops, such as grain.
What was easy to grow in Greece?
Who were the Minoans?
A culture that influenced the Greeks.
Where did Minoan culture develop?
Who were the Mycenaeans?
Influenced by the the Minoans, they were a culture that developed around 1600 B.C.
What was each Mycenaean town governed by?
What is a monarchy?
A government headed by a king.
What did the Mycenaeans trade for?
copper, ivory, and luxury goods
What did the Mycenaeans trade with?
Bronze weapons and pottery