Chapter 10 Section 3 Flashcards Preview

US History > Chapter 10 Section 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Section 3 Deck (39):
1

President Ulysses S. Grants lack of experience helped to divide the Republican Party and to undermine public support for what?

Reconstruction

2

During Grant's first term in office, the Republican-controlled congress continued to enforce what?

Reconstruction

3

Reconstruction expanded the programs it had introduced during the civil war to promote what?

Commerce and Industry

4

Reconstruction kept the sin taxes in place in order to help pay off what??

Bonds

5

Democrats and Republicans were concerned that men who were in office to make money and sell influence were beginning to dominate which party?

Republican

6

Liberal Republicans left the Republican Party and nominated who?

Horace Greeley

7

The Democratic Party also nominated Greeley in an effort to defeat who?

Grant

8

Who won? Greeley or Grant?

Grant

9

a series of scandals and economic depression hurt what of Grants?

reputation of his administration

10

Grant's secretary of war accepted what? and then resigned before he could be impeached?

Bribes

11

In 1875 what scandal broke out?

Whiskey Ring

12

A wave known as the what spread through the financial community?

Panic of 1873

13

By appealing to white racism and defining elections as a struggle between whites and African Americans what political group was able to win back the support of white owners of small farms?

Democratic

14

By 1876, Democrats had taken control of all Southern state legislatures except...

Louisiana, South Carolina, and Florida

15

Republicans then nominated who for the 1877 presidential election?

Rutherford B. Hayes

16

The Democrats nominated who for the 1877 election?

Samuel Tilden

17

What had caused the winner of the election to be unknown?

Voter fraud, election fraud

18

To resolve the 1877 election situation, Congress appointed a committee that consissted of how many people?

15

19

Who won the 1877 election?

Hayes

20

The outcome of the 1877 election became known as what?

The Compromise of 1877

21

In April 1877 Hayes pulled federal troops out of the

South

22

After troops were pulled what was over.

Reconstruction

23

Many Southern leaders realized the need for a what.

New South

24

Despite it's industrial growth in the south, the region remained..

agrarian

25

The collapse of what ended African American's hopes of being granted their own land in the South

Reconstruction

26

Many African Americans became what?

Tenant Farmers or Sharecroppers

27

Many sharecroppers were in debt and had to deal with

crop liens

28

Eventually when sharecroppers got into too much debt they would enter a financial condition called

debt peonage

29

Although many African Americans were free, they were still trapped working on what?

plantations

30

paid rent for the land they farmed

tenant farmers

31

influential newspaper publisher

Horace Greeley

32

paid a share of their crops for the land they farmed

sharecroppers

33

to save

redeem

34

merchants could take a farmer's crops to cover debts

crop liens

35

The outcome of the election that made Rutherford B. Hayes president is known as..

The Compromise of 1877

36

Taxes the Republican Congress placed on alcohol and tobacco were nicknamed

sin taxes

37

When the powerful banking company of Jay Cooke and Company was forced to declare bankruptcy, the nations financial community felt a wave of feat known as

Panic of 1873

38

Republicans who were concerned that men who were in office to make money and sell influence were beginning to dominate the party were called

Liberal Republicans

39

To get the seed and supplies they needed, sharecroppers often relied on credit from

Crop liens