Chapter 10-Sectionalism and the coming of Civil War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10-Sectionalism and the coming of Civil War Deck (40):
1

What were the two types of Whigs?

Conscience Whigs
Cotton Whigs

2

What issue would destroy the Whig political party?

Slavery

3

The Anti-slavery Whig party was called ___.

Conscience Whigs

4

The Pro-slavery Whig party was called

Cotton Whigs

5

Who was the hero of the Mexico War and the standard bearer for the Whig Party?

Zachary Taylor

6

The Free Soil hero who called for no expansion of slavery in the Mexican Cession was ____.

David Wilmot

7

The Anti-immigrant, anti-catholic political party of the 1840s was called ____.

The American Party or Know Nothings

8

Which new political party emerged in the mid-1850s that opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories.

Republican Party

9

the Gold Rush caused an huge American increase in population in ______.

California

10

By 1850, California applied to become a ____.

free state

11

List four parts of the Compromise of 1850.

California would become a free state
Slave trade banned in Washington D.C.
New Mexico Territory will use popular sovereignty on slave issue in future statehood.
Fugitive Slave Law

12

Which part of Congress was equal between Free and Slave states until 1850?

US Senate

13

Who was the most important compromiser fro the Compromise of 1850?

Henry Clay

14

The Fugitive Slave Act led to an increase in activity of the ____.

Underground Railroad

15

List three people who were conductors of the Underground Railroad

Levy Coffin
Quakers
Harriet Tubman

16

The ____ purchase was to build a transcontinental railroad along a southern route.

Gadsden Purchase

17

the route for the Transcontinental railroad that would begin in Chicago and head west through the middle portion of the country was following the ____ route.

Emigrant Route.

18

List the three sections of the emerging United States in the 1850s?

North
South
West

19

List two important politicians who embraced Popular Sovereignty on the slavery issue.

Lewis Cass
Stephen Douglas

20

_____ destroyed the Compromise of 1820.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

21

____ gave a famous speech about The Crime against Kansas.

Charles Sumner

22

_____ beats Charles Sumner with a cane because of the insulting remarks about southern slave owners.

Andrew Butler

23

List the two groups fighting over slavery in Kansas.

Border Ruffians v. Jayhawkers

24

_____ would allow slavery to exist anywhere no matter what Congress said.

Dred Scott Decision

25

Stephen Douglas' _____ angers southerners and a sense of distrust by northerners.

Freeport Doctrine

26

What in essence said that slavery cannot exist where law enforcers will not protect the instutution

Freeport Doctrine

27

List two places where John Brown used terrorism against slave owners.

Potawatomie, Kan.
Harper's Ferry, Va.

28

What book showed the evils of slavery?

Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

29

To ____ means to officially quit the Union.

Secede

30

President ____ wanted to appease the south to try to stop secession in 1860.

President James Buchanan

31

List the presidential candidates in 1860.

Lincoln, Republican Party
Breckinridge, southern Democratic Party
John Bell, Constitutional Union Party
Stephen Douglas, northern Democratic Party

32

Define Insurrection

Rebellion

33

The _____ compromise was to constitutionally safeguard slavery in an attempt keep the Union from breaking apart.

Crittenden Compromise

34

List the first capital of the Confederacy.

Montgomery, Ala.

35

List the second capital of the Confederacy fro most of the Civil War.

Richmond, Va.

36

Who became the Confederate President?

Jefferson Davis

37

The Confederate Constitution was similar to the US Constitution ____ and _____ was protected.

Slavery and State Sovereignty

38

Fort ____ was federal property that must be protected but was bombed by Confederate forces.

Fort Sumter

39

_____ called for volunteers to put down the rebellion in southern states

Abraham Lincoln

40

Following the attack on Fort Sumter, the ____ secedes from the Union.

Upper South of Va., NC, Tenn., and Arkansas.