Chapter 10 Spelling Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Spelling Words Deck (85):
1

analgesic

acting to relieve pain; aspirin or tylenol

2

anatomosis

surgical joining of vessels to allow flow from one to the other; used to bypass an occluded area

3

aneurysm

localized dilation of a weakened area of the wall of an artery; the weakened area balloons out during each pulsation

4

aneurysmectomy

surgical removal of an aneurysm

5

angina pectoris

constriction and pain about the heart

6

angiography

process of Xray with a contrast medium to view the internal heart and blood vessels

7

anomaly

deviation from birth; birth defect

8

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite

9

arrhythmia

deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat

10

anxiety

a feeling of apprehension, worry, uneasiness or dread, especially of the future; a vague, uneasy feeling

11

ateriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

12

arthralgia

joint pain

13

ascites

fluid in the peritoneal cavity

14

atherosclerosis

condition of fatty deposits in the arteries

15

atrial flutter

contractions of the atria become very rapid

16

benign

not cancerous; not progressive

17

bradycardia

slow heart rate; <60 beats per min

18

bruits

abnormal sound or murmur of the heart

19

cardiac catheretization

threading a catheter through a vein or artery to the heart used to obtain detailed info about the structure and function of the heart

20

cardiac enzymes test

blood test to determine the damage to the myocardial muscle

21

carditis

inflammation of the heart

22

claudication

cramp-like pains in calves due to poor circulation and atherosclerosis

23

computed axial tomography (CAT)

xray technician using ionizing radiation for a cross-sectional image of the body

24

congestive heart failure

the pumping ability of the heart is progressively impaired

25

coronary artery

comes from the aorta; supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle

26

coronary artery disease

narrowing of coronary arteries that prevent adequate blood supply to myocardium

27

cyanosis

blueish, grayish discoloration because of decreased hemoglobin in the blood

28

diastole

the period of relaxation of the heart

29

dyspnea

difficulty breathing, sometimes with pain

30

dysrhythmia

abnormal heart rhythm

31

echocardiography

ultra sound waves used to study the structure and motion of the heart

32

edema

collection of fluid in the tissues from fluid seeping out of the blood into the interstitial spaces

33

electrocardiogram

graphic record of the electrical action of the heart

34

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

35

epicardium

inner layer of the pericardium

36

fatigue

a feeling of tiredness or weariness

37

fever

temperature above normal

38

fibrillation

rapid and incomplete contractions of the atria

39

hematomegaly

enlargement of the liver

40

hyperlipidemia

excessive level of fats in the blood

41

hypertension

persistently higher blood pressure

42

hypertensive heart disease

a result of long-term hypertension; the heart works against increased pressure in the arteries

43

hypotension

low blood pressure

44

infarction

localized area of necrosis as a result of a lack of oxygen

45

ischemia

decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or organ

46

lesion

an injury/change in the body tissue

47

lipid

group of fats or fat-like substances

48

lumen

cavity or channel in vein, artery, or organ

49

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

using magnetic field and radio frequency waves to produce an image of heart vessels, brain and soft tissue

50

malaise

a vague feeling of body weakness or discomfort

51

mediastinum

the area between the lungs

52

mitral valve prolapse

drooping of mitral cusps back into the left atria; valve does not completely close causing some back flow and a distinct sound when listening to the heart

53

myocardial infarction

heart attack; caused by an occlusion of one or more coronary arteries

54

myocarditis

inflammation of the myocardium

55

myocardium

middle muscular layer of the heart

56

nausea

an unpleasant sensation usually preceding vomiting

57

nocturia

urination at night

58

occlusion

closure or state of being closed

59

orthopnea

abnormal condition when a person needs to stand or sit up to breath comfortably

60

pallor

lack of color; paleness

61

palpable

detectible by touch

62

palpitation

a pounding or racing of the heart

63

patent ductus arteriosus

an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta because the fetal ductus arteriosus did not close after birth

64

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium; acute or chronic

65

pericardium

double membranous sac that encloses the heart

66

peripheral arterial occlusive disease

obstruction of the arteries in the extremities (predominately the legs) that causes claudication and often a result of atherosclerorsis

67

petechiae

small, purplish hemorrhage spots on the skin

68

pitting edema

swelling that leaves a dent when pressured

69

prophylactic

an agent that protects against disease

70

pulmonary artery

transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs

71

pulmonary vein

returns oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium

72

Raynaud's phenomenon

intermittent attacks of vasoconstriction followed by a blue color of the skin and then returning to a red

73

rheumatic fever

inflammatory disease when strep is not adequately treated

74

septum

wall or partition that divides or separates two cavities

75

serum lipid test

blood test to measure the fatty substances

76

Sydenham's chorea

a form of chorea associated with rheumatic fever

77

systemic circulation

circulation of blood from left ventricle throughout the body back to the right atria

78

systole

the contraction phase forcing blood into the aorta: 1st sound heard

79

tachycardia

abnormal rapidity of heartbeat; >100 beats per minute

80

tetralogy of Fallot

congenital defect with 4 defects involved:
1.pulmonary stenosis- narrowing of the opening into the pulmonary artery from the right ventricle
2. interventricular septal defect creating a right-to-left shunt between the ventricles
3.shifting of the aorta to the right causes it to override the right ventricle and thus communicate with the interventricular septal defect
4. hypertrophy of the right ventricle because of increased work to pump blood through the obstructed pulmonary artery

81

thallium stress test

combination of exercise test and thallium imaging to assess coronary flow

82

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein; with the formation of a thrombus; usually occurring in the legs

83

thrombosis

a formation of or existence of a blood clot

84

varicose veins

enlarged, superficial veins; twisted, dilated, incomplete valves

85

vasocontriction

narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel