Chapter 10 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 vocabulary Deck (80):
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agglutination

process of clumping together; incompatible blood cells do this

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albumin

one of a group of simple proteins found in plasma and serum

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anemia

lack of red blood cells

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anisocytosis

condition in which erythrocytes are unequal in size/shape

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antibody

protein substance produced in body in response to invading foreign substance

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antigen

invading foreign substance that induces formation of antibodies

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autoimmune disease

condition in which immune system is defective and produces antibodies against itself

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autotransfusion

process of reinfusing a patient's own blood

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basophil

white blood cell essential to nonspecific immune response

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coagulable

capable of forming a clot

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corpuscle

blood cell

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creatinemia

excess of creatine in the blood

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embolus

blood clot carried in bloodstream

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eosinophil

white blood cell that destroys parasitic organisms and plays major role in allergic reactions

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erythroblast

immature red blood cell

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erythrocyte

mature red blood cell

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erythrocytosis

abnormal condition, increased production of red blood cells

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erythropoiesis

formation of red blood cells

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erythropoietin

hormone that stimulates production of red blood cells

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extravasation

process by which fluids/medications (IV) escape from blood vessel into surrounding tissue

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fibrin

protein formed from fibrinogen

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fibrinogen

blood protein converted to fibrin

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globulin

plasma protein found in body fluids and cells

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granulocyte

granular leukocyte (WBC)

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hematocrit

blood test that separates solids from plasma

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hematoma

collection of blood that has escaped from a blood vessel

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hemochromatosis

disease in which iron is not metabolized properly and accumulates in body tissues

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hemoglobin

blood protein, iron-containing pigment of red blood cells

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hemolysis

destruction of red blood cells

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hemophilia

disease characterized by prolonged coagulation and tendency to bleed

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hemorrhage

literally means bursting forth of blood

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hemostasis

control or stopping of bleeding

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heparin

natural anticoagulant found in liver, lungs, other body tissues

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hypercalcemia

excessive calcium in the blood

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hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

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hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

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hypoxia

deficient amount of oxygen in blood, cells, tissues

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immunoglobulin

blood protein capable of acting as an antibody

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Kaposi's sarcoma

malignant neoplasm causing vascular lesions

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leukapheresis

separation of WBCs from the blood

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leukocytopenia

lack of WBCs

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lymphadenitis

inflammation of the lymph glands

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lymphadenotomy

incision into a lymph gland

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lymphangiology

study of lymphatic vessels

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lymphangitis

inflammation of lymphatic vessels

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lymphedema

abnormal accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces

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lymphoma

lymphoid neoplasm, usually malignant

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lymphostasis

control/stopping of flow of lymph

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macrocyte

unusually large erythrocyte

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monocyte

largest leukocyte, has one nucleus

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mononucleosis

condition of excessive amounts of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood

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neutrophil

leukocyte that stains with neutral dyes

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opportunistic infection

protozoal, fungal/yeast, viral, or bacterial infection occurring when immune system is compromised

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pancytopenia

lack of cellular elements of the blood

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phagocytosis

engulfing and eating of particulate substances such as bacteria, protozoa, etc by phagocytes

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plasmapheresis

removal of blood from body, separating plasma and reinfusing cellular elements back into the patient

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Pneumocystis carinii

Protozoan that causes pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

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Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

opportunistic prevalent in AIDS patients

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polycythemia

increased number of RBCs

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prothrombin

chemical substance that interacts with calcium salts to produce thrombin

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radioimmunoassay

method of determining concentration of protein-bound hormones in blood plasma

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reticulocyte

red blood cell containing a network of granules

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retrovirus

virus that replicates within new host cells (eg: HIV)

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septicemia

pathological condition where bacteria is present in the blood

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seroculture

bacterial culture of blood

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serum

clear, thin, and sticky fluid part of the blood

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sideropenia

lack of iron in the blood

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splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

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thrombectomy

surgical excision of blood clot

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thrombin

blood enzyme that converts fibrinogen into fibrin

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thrombocyte

clotting cell (platelet)

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thromboplastin

essential factor in production of thrombin and blood clotting

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thrombosis

formation, development, or existence of a blood clot in the vascular system

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thymoma

tumour of the thymus

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vasculitis

inflammation of blood or lymph vessel

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Hay fever also known as:

allergic rhinitis

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thalassemia

hereditary anemias occurring in Mediterranean Sea and SE Asia

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Function of lymphocytes: T-cells

provide cellular immunity

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Function of lymphocytes: B-cells

Provide humoral immunity

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Function of lymphocytes: NK cells

attack foreign cells, normal cells infected with viruses, cancer cells

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