Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (16):
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic, involuntary, and unlearned responses.
A theory stating that much motivation arises from constant imbalances in homeostasis.
A biological requirement for well-being that is created by an imbalance in homeostasis.
A psychological state of arousal created by an imbalance in homeostasis that prompts an organism to take action to restore the balance and reduce the drive.
Drives that arise from basic biological needs.
Stimuli that acquire the motivational properties of primary drives through classical conditioning or other learning mechanisms.
Theories stating that people are motivated to behave in ways that maintain what is, for them, an optimal level of arousal.
A theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed toward attaining desirable stimuli and avoiding unwanted stimuli.
An eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and dramatic weight loss.
An eating disorder that involves eating massive amounts of food and then eliminating the food by self-induced vomiting or the use of strong laxatives.
A motive influenced by the degree to which a person establishes goals, cares about meeting those goals, and experiences feelings of satisfaction by doing so.
A combination of a cognitive judgement of satisfaction with life, the frequent experiencing of positive moods and emotions, and the relatively infrequent experiencing of unpleasant moods and emotions.
The process of explaining the cause of an event.