Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (41):
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?
What is capitalism?
The economic system of the U.S.
What is money used for an investment?
What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?
Free enterprise/free Market System
What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?
Supply and demand
What is technology?
Scientific discoveries that simply's work
What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?
Who invented the Cotton Gin?
Who opened the first textile mill in the US?
What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?
The growth of factories
What is the difference between urban and rural?
What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?
Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?
Dr. Thomas Walker
Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?
Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?
It allowed for a path to be created that made passing through the Appalachian Mountains easier
What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of Tennessee?
It was the route to Kentucky from the Atlantic Coast
Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?
Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?
Rocky Mount in Piney Flats, TN
Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?
What was important about John Sevier?
He was the first governor
What is a long hunter?
An American wilderness explorer
What is a turnpike?
Private toll road
What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?
The Natchez Trace
Who created the first steamboat?
Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?
Goods and passengers
What are artificial waterways?
What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more
Who was the President in 1817?
What was the Era of Good Feelings?
A time when political differences seemed to fade away after the war of 1812
Why did the Era of Good Feelings not last long?
Because the western expansion of the U.S. Led to increased sectionalism, loyalty to a region
What is the name for showing loyalty to a region?
Who was a chief supporter of state sovereignty?
John C. Calhoun
What was Henry Clay’s system that promoted tariffs to stimulate American
The American System
What two states were involved in the Missouri Compromise?
Maine and Missouri
What helped preserve the balance between the North and the South?
The Missouri Compromise
What was a court case over states rights that said that state governments could not
have power over the national government?
McCulloch V. Maryland
Who was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for the rulings of Marbury v. Madison and McCulloh v. Maryland?
What treaty was an example of America’s military strength and allowed Florida to
become part of the country?
The Adams-Onis Treaty
What statement was an important part of American foreign policy?
The Monroe Doctrine