Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

8th History > Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (41):
1

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?

New England

2

What is capitalism?

The economic system of the U.S.

3

What is money used for an investment?

Capital

4

What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?

Free enterprise/free Market System

5

What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?

Supply and demand

6

What is technology?

Scientific discoveries that simply's work

7

What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?

Patents

8

Who invented the Cotton Gin?

Eli Whitney

9

Who opened the first textile mill in the US?

Samuel Slater

10

What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
England?

It grew

11

What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?

The growth of factories

12

What is the difference between urban and rural?

Urban=City
Rural=Country

13

What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?

Roads
Steamboats
Canals

14

Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?

Dr. Thomas Walker

15

Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?

William Bean

16

Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?

It allowed for a path to be created that made passing through the Appalachian Mountains easier

17

What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of Tennessee?

It was the route to Kentucky from the Atlantic Coast

18

Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?

Daniel Boone

19

Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?

Rocky Mount in Piney Flats, TN

20

Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?

William Blount

21

What was important about John Sevier?

He was the first governor

22

What is a long hunter?

An American wilderness explorer

23

What is a turnpike?

Private toll road

24

What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?

The Natchez Trace

25

Who created the first steamboat?

Robert Fulton

26

Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?

Goods and passengers

27

What are artificial waterways?

Canals

28

What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more
trade opportunities?

Erier Canal

29

Who was the President in 1817?

James Monroe

30

What was the Era of Good Feelings?

A time when political differences seemed to fade away after the war of 1812

31

Why did the Era of Good Feelings not last long?

Because the western expansion of the U.S. Led to increased sectionalism, loyalty to a region

32

What is the name for showing loyalty to a region?

Sectionalism

33

Who was a chief supporter of state sovereignty?

John C. Calhoun

34

What was Henry Clay’s system that promoted tariffs to stimulate American
industry growth?

The American System

35

What two states were involved in the Missouri Compromise?

Maine and Missouri

36

What helped preserve the balance between the North and the South?

The Missouri Compromise

37

What was a court case over states rights that said that state governments could not
have power over the national government?

McCulloch V. Maryland

38

Who was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for the rulings of Marbury v. Madison and McCulloh v. Maryland?

John Marshall

39

What treaty was an example of America’s military strength and allowed Florida to
become part of the country?

The Adams-Onis Treaty

40

What statement was an important part of American foreign policy?

The Monroe Doctrine

41

What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?

Industrial Revolution