Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (32):
1

Stress

Process by which we cope with environmental threats

2

Stressor

Everyday event which causes stress

3

Alarm

Sudden sympathetic nervous system activation

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Resistance

Body copes with stress, gathers resources, and releases hormones

5

Exhaustion

Used up all resources, resistance to stress drops below normal

6

Catastrophe

Huge distress, something huge in an individual's life

7

PTSD

Stress reaction after stress is done

8

Significant life change

Causes stress

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Daily hassles

Minor, petty annoyances; best predict how stress affects our health

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Negative events

Moer stressful because of emotional drain

11

Predictable events

Less stressful than surprises

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Ambiguous events

More stressful than clear cut events

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Choice of options with stress

Some decisions are more stressful than others

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Approach/approach

Deciding between two desirable options

15

Avoidance/avoidance

Deciding between two negative options

16

Approach/avoidance

Choosing whether or not to do something (most stressful)

17

Type A personality

Easily aroused hostility and anger, sense of urgency, competitive, more likely to have a heart attack

18

Type B personality

Relaxed, easy going, laid back, friendly

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Stress and cancer

Can slow recovery or speed up death

20

Stress and AIDS

Lowers immune system

21

Learned helplessness

Hopeless resignation learned when one is unable to avoid repeated aversive events

22

Internal locus of control

I have control of the situation

23

External locus of control

I have no control

24

Optimism

Helps to cope successfully with stress

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Social Support

Can calm us down

26

How to reduce stress

Aerobic exercise, relax, spirituality

27

Happiness

Life satisfaction

28

What will not get happiness

Events, money

29

Adaptation-level principle

Happiness is relative to the most recent experiences (get used to having money)

30

Relative deprivation principle

Happiness is relative to what others have

31

Predictors of happiness

High self esteem, optimism, outgoing, agreeable, friends, good marriage, enjoy job, faith, sleep, etc

32

Not predictors of happiness

Age, gender, parenthood, attractiveness