Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (21):
1

What individual give us the information that led to the understanding that adenine is attached if thymine and cytosine is attached to guanine

Chargaff

2

Who is responsible for understanding the crystallography grass and let it be known that the DNA molecule is a double helix

Franklin

3

Who whispered to his bar buddies said he had found the secret of life

Crick

4

The monomer for nucleic acid is what

Nucleotide

5

The structures found in the side of the DNA ladder are what

Sugar and phosphate

6

What make up the steps of the DNA ladder

Nitrogen bases

7

The substance that unzips the DNA molecule is called what

Helicase

8

A goes with what

T

9

C goes with what

G

10

U goes with what

A

11

Who attempted to develop a vaccine to prevent bacterial pneumonia

Frederick Griffith

12

Who discovered that the transforming molecule is DNA

Oswald Avery, Colin MacLead, and Maclyn McCarty

13

Each nucleotide in a DNA consists of what

A phosphate group, deoxyribose, one of four nitrogen containing base is

14

In replication one side of the DNA is what

Upside down

15

And replication of DNA is built have

Five prime to three prime

16

Which fragment causes mutations

Okazaki fragment

17

What does polymerase do?

Builds ladder

18

What does ligase do

Joins daughter DNA strands together

19

An insertion mutation occurs when

A nucleotide is replaced by a different nucleotide

20

The rugs of the DNA double helix consist

Specific combinations of double-ring bases

21

Daughter DNA strands are synthesized by what enzyme?

DNA polymerase