Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (136):
1

balano

penis

2

cysto

bladder

3

epididymo

epididymis

4

glomerulo

glomerulus

5

litho

stone

6

nephro

kidney

7

orcho

testicle

8

orchio

testicle

9

orchido

testicle

10

prostato

prostate

11

pyelo

renal pelvis

12

reno

kidney

13

spermo

sperm

14

spermato

sperm

15

testo

testicle

16

uro

urine

17

urino

urine

18

urethro

urethra

19

vesico

bladder

20

BPH

benign prostate hyperplasia

21

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

22

cath

catheter

23

DRE

digital rectal exam

24

ED

erectile dysfunction

25

ESWL

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

26

HD

hemodialysis

27

I&O

intake and output

28

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

29

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

30

OAB

overactive bladder

31

PKD

polycystic kidney disease

32

PSA

prostate specific antigen

33

RP

retrograde pyelogram

34

SUI

stress urinary incontinence

35

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

36

UA

urinalysis

37

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

38

anuria

lack of urination

39

cystalgia

pain in the bladder

40

dysuria

painful urination

41

enuresis

involuntary urination

42

hematuria

bloody urination

43

incontinence

inability to control urination

44

oliguria

low bring output

45

polydipsia

excessive thirst

46

polyuria

excessive urination

47

pyuria

pus in the urine

48

urethrorrhea

discharge from the urethra

49

urodynia

painful urination

50

balanorrhea

discharge from the penis

51

orchialgia

testicle pain

52

orchichorea

involuntary jerking movement of the testicles

53

orchidoptosis

downward displacement of a testicle

54

orchiodynia

testicle pain

55

priapism

persistent and painful erection

56

albuminuria

protein in the urine

57

azoturia

excess nitrogen in the blood

58

cystorrhexis

rupture of the bladder

59

dipsogenic

creating thirst

60

glycosuria

sugar in the urine

61

nephroptosis

downward displacement of a kidney

62

nephrosis

kidney condition

63

uremia

urine in the blood

64

urethrostenosis

narrowing of the urethra

65

cystoscopy

process for examining the bladder

66

nephroscopy

procedure for examine a kidney

67

nephrosonography

procedure for imaging a kidney using sound waves

68

pyelogram

image of the renal pelvis

69

renal angiography

process of imaging a kidney blood vessel

70

renal arteriogram

image of a kidney artery

71

retrograde pyelogram

image of the renal pelvis produced by injection a contrast dye from the bladder to the kidney

72

ultrasonography

imaging procedure using high-frequency sound waves

73

urethroscopy

process of examining the urethra

74

urinalysis (UA)

analysis of the urine

75

voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)

imaging procedure of the bladder and urethra produced during urination

76

blood urine nitrogen (BUN)

nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea; it is the produce of breakdown of amino acids for energy

77

diuresis

excessive urination

78

nephrologist

specialist in the kidneys

79

urologist

specialist in the urinary tract

80

anorchidism

lack of a testicle

81

aspermia

condition characterized by a lack of sperm

82

cryptorchidism

hidden testicle

83

hydrocele

fluid-filled mass in a testicle

84

hypospadias

birth defect in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside, instead of the end, of the penis

85

phimosis

contraction of the foreskin of the penis, preventing it from being retracted

86

prostatomegaly

abnormal enlargement of the prostate

87

digital rectal exam (DRE)

examination of the prostate using a finger inserted into the rectum

88

transracial ultrasonography

procedure using a probe inserted into the rector using high frequency sound waves to scan through the rectum to nearby tissue

89

gonads

pair of organs used for sexual reproduction; in males the testicles and in female the ovaries

90

spermatogenesis

creation of sperm

91

cystocele

hernia of the bladder

92

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the kidneys involving primarily the glomeruli

93

hydronephrosis

kidney conditions caused by the obstruction of the urine flow

94

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

95

nephrolithiasis

presence of stones in the kidney

96

nephromalacia

abnormal enlargement of a kidney

97

nephromegaly

abnormal enlargement of a kidney

98

nephropathy

any kidney disease

99

nephroptosis

downward displacement of a kidney

100

polycystic kidney disease (PKD)

disease characterized by the formation of many fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys

101

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

102

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis

103

pyelopathy

disease of the renal pelvis

104

renal cell carcinoma

cancer of the kidneys

105

renal failure

kidney failure

106

stress urinary incontinence

loss of bladder control caused by the application of external pressure

107

ureteritis

inflammation of a ureter

108

ureteropyelonephritis

inflammation of a kidney, renal pelvis, and ureter

109

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

110

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the urethra and bladder

111

balanitis

inflammation of the penis

112

benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)

noncancerous overdevelopment of the prostate, also known as enlarge prostate

113

gonorrhea

discharge from the gonads

114

orchiditis

inflammation of the testicles

115

orchitis

inflammation of the testicles

116

varicocele

over expansion of the blood vessels of the testicles, leading to a soft tumor

117

antispasmodic

drug used to prevent spasms

118

cystectomy

surgical removal of the bladder

119

diuretic

agent that causes urination

120

extracorpeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

breakdown of kidney stones using sound waves generated outside the body

121

heminephrectomy

surgical removal of half a kidney

122

hemodialysis

procedure for removing waste from the bloodstream

123

kidney dialysis

procedure for removing waste from the blood (an alternative name for hemodialysis)

124

laparonephrectomy

surgical removal of a kidney through the abdomen

125

lithectomy

surgical removal of a stone

126

lithotripsy

breakdown of a stone

127

nephrectomy

surgical removal of a kidney

128

nephrolithotomy

incision into a kidney to remove a stone

129

nephropexy

surgical fixation of a kidney

130

-stomy

opening creation

131

pyelolithotomy

incision into a renal pelvis to remove a stone

132

urinary catheterization

insertion of a catheter into the bladder to drain urine

133

spermicide

agent that kills sperm

134

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

procedure of removing all of part of the prostate by insertion of a resectoscope into the urethra

135

vasectomy

surgical removal of the vas deferens

136

vasovasostomy

creation of an opening between two vessels; this is the technical vasectomy reversal