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Flashcards in chapter 11 Deck (44):
1

Name 2 major mountain ranges of the Americas

Rocky Mountains and Andes

2

Most likely Asians crossed the land bridge because they were ___________ pursing and herds of _________ and ___________

Hunters; bison;caribou

3

Where did archaeologists find a burial mound from the mound builders over 98 feet high with a base larger than that of the Great Pyramid in Egypt?

Cahokia, Illinois

4

Describe the dwelling places of the Iroquois people.

villages with long houses surrounded by wooden fences

5

How did the Plains Indians capture buffalo without using weapons

run them off a cliff

6

Name 2 duties of men and women of the Iroquious

Women- Made baskets and take care of children
Men- Hunted and Protected and served on a council

7

built of wooden poles covered with sheets of bark and housing about 12 families

long house

8

a group of related families

clan

9

a circular tent made by stretching buffalo skins over wooden piles

teppe

10

sun-dried bricks

adobe

11

multi storied structures that could house many people

pueblo

12

mesoamerica

named used for areas of mexico and central america that were civilized before arrival of the Spanish

13

Maize

corn

14

Quipu

system of knotted strings used by the Icans for keeping records

15

Tribute

good or money paid by conquered peoples to their conquerors

16

what group was one of the most sophisticated civilizations in the Americas

Mayans

17

Inca means

ruler

18

culture began in 12th century and where they started from

Aztec

19

what group developed a complicated calendar

Mayans

20

___________ was the founder of the Inca Empire (group)

Pachacuti (Inca)

21

_________ was the sun god and the emperor was descended from (group)

Inti (Inca)

22

what captured soliders became slaves

Mayan

23

what group captured war leaders or nobles were used for sacrifice

Mayan

24

what group was all young men required to serve in the _______

army (Inca)

25

Aztec Monarch of ____________ ____________ claimed he was descended from the gods

Tenochtitlan Montezuma

26

What group was population was ____________ __________ ___________

commoners indentured workers and
(Aztec)

27

what group believed in gods, supreme god was Lizard house

Mayans

28

supplies were carried on backs of _________ (group)

llamas (Inca)

29

what group built roads and bridges

Inca

30

what group made human sacrifice to appease gods

Mayans

31

women were not equal to ________ (group)

men (Aztec)

32

________ captured and killed Montezuma (group) m

Cortes (Aztec)

33

what group made a writing system based on hieroglyphs

Mayan

34

what group had to marry within own social groups

Inca

35

Francisco _________ his men from Spain came with weapons and __________ which killed the emperor

Pizzaro; smallpox

36

When the ___________ saw the Spanish with a cross on their breastplates they thought that representatives Quetzalcoatl had returned

Aztec

37

The Inuit was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

North east; fish; stones

38

the Mound Builders was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

eastern woodlen in south east; corn;mounds

39

The Iroquos was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

eastern woodlens in north east; corn; long houses

40

The Plain Indians was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

great plains; corn; tepee

41

The Anasazi was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

south west; corn; pueblos

42

The maya was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

central and southern mexico; corn; palapas

43

The Aztec was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

central and southern mexico;corn; hunt

44

The Inca was where _____________ and what food ___________ and their shelter____________

South America; corn; huasi