Chapter 11 - Apollo Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Apollo Deck (56):
1

Apollo: god of..

Poetry (origin of sheperd god)
Prophecy (delphi)
Medicine

2

Apollo: God of Medicine - double meaning

Seen as a destroyer and a healer due to his archery

3

Ascelpius

Son of Apollo
God of Healing

4

Epithet for Apollo from Asia Minor origins

Lycian

5

Lycian relates to Asia minor but also animal. How?.

LYKOS = wolf like
- Relates to sheperd origin

6

Northern Origins of Apollo

Hyperboreans
- means "beyond the north wind"
- send yearly offerings to Delian Apollo

7

Significance of Name "Apollo"

- most likely non-hellenic
- Romans also called him Apollo

8

False etymology of Greek Word - "Apollumi"

"To Destroy"

9

Epithet of Apollo related to Artemis's epithet meaning Bright

"Phoebus" - bright and shining

10

Who does Apollo replace to obtain sun-god title

Hyperion and Helius

11

1st Part of Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo (Hyperboreans")

Talks about his birth
- Letos roaming and trying to find place to birth twins
- Finds refuge in Delos
- Endures 9 days and nights of labor

12

Leto's refuge on islaand of Delos gives Apollo Obligations - what are these obligations?

He must build a temple and establish an oracle.

13

Who assists Leto during her labor?
and what is a variant of this myth?

Eileithyia

- Artemis was born first and immediately helps with Apollo's birth - relating her to goddess of childbirth

14

2nd part of Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo

- Apollo tries to find place for prophet
- Slays dragon

15

Where did Apollo find the proper location for the oracle?

Crisa at Mt. Parnassus

16

Apollo killed a dragon. What was the dragon's name?

Pytho
or Python

17

What does "Pytho" mean in Greek?

"to rot"

18

Apollo the dragon slayer was given what epithet?

Pythian Apollo

19

Pythian Games

commemorates slaying of pythos
- pindar's pythian odes

20

Delphinos/ Delphis definition

dolphin

21

Omphalos definition

navel

22

Omphalos and historical background

centre of greek world
-egg shaped stone with eagles on either side

23

Apollo Delphinius

Apollo turns into dolphin to get followers
Comandeers a cretan ship

24

Apollo Delphinius serves for what etiologies?

Delphi as a sanctuary name
- How apollo became the god of sailors and colonization

25

Who is Pythia?

Prophetess of Apollo

26

Where did Pythia sit?

Upon a tripod

27

Symbolization behind tripod

symbol / source of divine power

28

Pythia inspired or possessed by Apollo?

A medium to the gods
Use of hallucinogens
vapours from chasm - epic meter and incoherent ravings from priests

29

Story of Cassandra

Daughter of Priam, King of Troy
- Given gift of Prophecy in exchange for sex
- Backs out of promise
- Apollo spits in her mouth and given curse
- given prophecies but never believed

30

If someone is a "Cassandra" what does that mean?

their dire prophecies aren't taken seriously

31

If someone was a SIBYL what were they?

a prophetess of Delphi
- specifically called the Pythia
-

32

Most famous Sibyls

Cumae in Italy
- relates to Virgil's Aeneid

33

Cumaen Sibyl story of wishes

- Years equivalent to handful of sand in exchange for sexual favours
- Sibyl backs out
- Apollo grants wish and she ages for thousands of years without eternal youth to the point where she is just a voice

34

Story of Marpessa

Apollo loves Marpessa, grandaughter of Zeus, daughter of Evenus
- Marpessa loves Idas, an argonaught mortal
- zeus says Marpessa has to choose
- Marpessa chooses Idas because she's afraid Apollo will leave her when she's old

35

What does Daphne mean in Latin?

Laurel

36

Who was Daphne's father?

River god Peneus

37

Story of Daphne and Apollo

Apollo boasts to Cupid that he has a better shot.
Cupid is mad and shoots Daphne with a "rejecting arrow"
Cupid shoots Apollo with "passion arrow"
Apollo wants Daphne but she is chaste
Daphne gets scared and tired while running and calls help from father- Peneus turns her into a Laurel tree.

38

Apollo and Hyacinthus

Hyacinthus is a friend of Apollo - they both threw discus together
- Hyacinthus killed by Apollo's throw by accident
- Apollo causes Hyacinth flower to grow from blood

39

What's a variant of Hyacinthus's death?

Discus gone astray by Zephyrus

40

Where was the hyacinth flower worshipped?

at a tomb in sparta during a celebration called the Hyacinthia

41

Since Hyacinthia has a non indo european name, what kind of deity might he be associated with?

indigenous fertility deity

42

Who was Coronis?

Apollo's lover; Ascelpius's mother
Aesculapius = Latin

43

Who informed Apollo of Coronis's affair?

His bird, the raven

44

What happens when Apollo shoots Coronis with an arrow?

She is dying and he immediately regrets shooting her because their child will die with Coronis
The raven turns black

45

Ascelpius is snatched from a....

funeral pyre

46

Who does Apollo give Asclepius to?

Chiron- the wise centaur

47

What does Chiron teach Asclepius?

Healing arts

48

What does Asclepius have that is often confused to belong to Hermes?

The staff with the serpent that surrounds it

49

Asclepius's staff confused with Herme's....

caduceus

50

Who are Asclepius's daughters?

Hygieia and Panacea

51

Hygieia definition

Health

52

Panacea definition

all healing

53

Who invented the flute?

Athena

54

Apollo and marsyas

The satyr, marsyas (half man, half goat) challenged Apollo to the flute
Apollo flays Marsyas alive

55

Two judges in musical face off between Apollo and Pan

King Midas and Mount Tmolus
- Mt. Tmolus says Apollo won
- Since Midas likes Pan better he contests the final judgement

56

What happens to King Midas after Apollo learns that he's contested the final call?

He gives him ass ears and King Midas wears a turban.
Barber has to tell someone that King Midas has donkey ears so he tells the ground. The ground grows of reeds and eventually starts telling the secret