Flashcards in Chapter 11-Civil War Deck (56):
This section had little industry.
Richmond's ______ iron works was nearly the only large scale industry in the southern states.
Tredegar Iron Works
The South tried to finance the war by printing money which resulted in run-away ____.
Many southerners claimed that ___ was the real reason for Civil War in 1860.
Many New Englanders claim that ____ was the real reason for Civil War in 1860.
Northern money was often called __.
Drafting non-volunteers to fight the Civil War was called ____.
The _____ were peace Democrats willing to accept peace at any price, even letting the southern states to secede.
The _____ was when a Union warship stopped a British ship, boarded it, and kidnapped Mason and Slidel from their mission to England.
President Lincoln's military frustration was ____.
finding a Union General who could win victories.
What was the name of the the Union's war strategy?
Lincoln issued a ______ of southern ports to strangled the rebelling states.
Which two southern ports remain open to commerce until 1865.
Lincoln's war goal at the beginning of the Civil War was ____.
to preserve the Union.
After the battle at Antietam, Lincoln shifts his war goal to ____.
emancipating the slaves.
What Union general did Lincoln finally find that could really fight and win?
"...that government of the people, for the people, and by the people will not perish from the earth." From which speech do these lines come from.
Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln.
What was the Confederates strategy to win the Civil War?
Seek Foreign intervention
Win one great battle.
War of Attrition
First major land battle was ___.
First Manassas in July 1861.
What general will win a famous name at First Manassas?
General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
Who lost the first battle at Manassas?
Bloody April is the battle at ___.
What two generals fought at Shiloh?
Albert S. Johnson v. Ulysses S. Grant
McClellan was delayed by two months by Joe Johnson at _____ in spring of 1862.
McClellan was pushed away from Richmond, Va. by Robert E. Lee's army at the _____.
Seven Days Battles in summer of 1862
The battle of Second Manassas was fought between ___ and ___.
Pope and Lee
____ captures the largest southern city of New Orleans in the spring of 1862.
This was the most bloody single day in US History and resulted in Lincoln changing the war goal to ending slavery.
Battle of Antietam
Who failed to decisively defeat Robert E. Lee at Antietam?
George B. McClellan
After Antietam, Lincoln issues the _____ freeing slaves in the rebelling states.
What two generals fought at Chancellorsville?
Robert E. Lee and Joseph Hooker
Who died from the results of complications from his wounds at Chancellorsville?
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
This was the turning point battle on the Mississippi River.
Who was authorized to carry out a deep cavalry raid behind Confederate lines in Mississippi.
What is the turning point battle in Pennsylvania?
What two generals fought at Gettysburg.
Robert E. Lee v. George Meade
This was a railway hub and entrance to the invasion of Georgia.
What two generals fought at Chattanooga in 1863?
Braxton Bragg v. Ulysses Grant
What southern Georgia city was captured and burned to the ground by troop under command of Gen. Sherman?
What did General Sherman do in Georgia?
Marched to the sea from Atlanta to Savannah, burning all they could find. War is Hell!!
List four battles in 1864 that General Lee fought Grant
What was Gen. Grant's cavalry commander named who burned much of the Valley of Virginia?
In April 1865, General Lee ___
Surrenders to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox
General Grant understood how General Lee was able to reinforce his army and thus stopped all ____ in 1864.
Prisoner of War Exchanges
to search for food and supplies in enemy territory is called ____.
Symbol of Hospital women workers during Civil War was ____.
French woman Florence Nightingale
Leader of the US Sanitary Commission was __.
Elizabeth Blackwell, female doctor
Woman nurse who would later start the American Red Cross.
What two things caused more deaths than all the battles combined?
This was an army cracker and primary soldier's food.
The south faced many _____ in the army and at home during the war.
List two occupations for women war work during the Civil War
making uniforms and shoe production
_____ were allowed to join the military effort but were discriminated against.
Which military regiment was formed from African American enlisted men and fought with bravery at Battery Wagner near Charleston, S.C.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
The Confederate authorities used ____ to import war materials through the blockade.