Chapter 11-Civil War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11-Civil War Deck (56):
1

This section had little industry.

South

2

Richmond's ______ iron works was nearly the only large scale industry in the southern states.

Tredegar Iron Works

3

The South tried to finance the war by printing money which resulted in run-away ____.

inflation

4

Many southerners claimed that ___ was the real reason for Civil War in 1860.

States Rights

5

Many New Englanders claim that ____ was the real reason for Civil War in 1860.

Slavery

6

Northern money was often called __.

Greenbacks

7

Drafting non-volunteers to fight the Civil War was called ____.

Conscription

8

The _____ were peace Democrats willing to accept peace at any price, even letting the southern states to secede.

Copperheads

9

The _____ was when a Union warship stopped a British ship, boarded it, and kidnapped Mason and Slidel from their mission to England.

Trent Affiar

10

President Lincoln's military frustration was ____.

finding a Union General who could win victories.

11

What was the name of the the Union's war strategy?

Anaconda Plan

12

Lincoln issued a ______ of southern ports to strangled the rebelling states.

Naval blockade

13

Which two southern ports remain open to commerce until 1865.

Charleston, S.C.
Wilmington, N.C.

14

Lincoln's war goal at the beginning of the Civil War was ____.

to preserve the Union.

15

After the battle at Antietam, Lincoln shifts his war goal to ____.

emancipating the slaves.

16

What Union general did Lincoln finally find that could really fight and win?

Grant

17

"...that government of the people, for the people, and by the people will not perish from the earth." From which speech do these lines come from.

Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln.

18

What was the Confederates strategy to win the Civil War?

Seek Foreign intervention
Win one great battle.
War of Attrition

19

First major land battle was ___.

First Manassas in July 1861.

20

What general will win a famous name at First Manassas?

General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson

21

Who lost the first battle at Manassas?

Irwin McDowell

22

Bloody April is the battle at ___.

Shiloh, Tenn.

23

What two generals fought at Shiloh?

Albert S. Johnson v. Ulysses S. Grant

24

McClellan was delayed by two months by Joe Johnson at _____ in spring of 1862.

Yorktown, Va.

25

McClellan was pushed away from Richmond, Va. by Robert E. Lee's army at the _____.

Seven Days Battles in summer of 1862

26

The battle of Second Manassas was fought between ___ and ___.

Pope and Lee

27

____ captures the largest southern city of New Orleans in the spring of 1862.

Admiral Farragut

28

This was the most bloody single day in US History and resulted in Lincoln changing the war goal to ending slavery.

Battle of Antietam

29

Who failed to decisively defeat Robert E. Lee at Antietam?

George B. McClellan

30

After Antietam, Lincoln issues the _____ freeing slaves in the rebelling states.

Emancipation Proclamation

31

What two generals fought at Chancellorsville?

Robert E. Lee and Joseph Hooker

32

Who died from the results of complications from his wounds at Chancellorsville?

Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson

33

This was the turning point battle on the Mississippi River.

Vicksburg, Miss.

34

Who was authorized to carry out a deep cavalry raid behind Confederate lines in Mississippi.

General Grierson

35

What is the turning point battle in Pennsylvania?

Gettysburg, Penn.

36

What two generals fought at Gettysburg.

Robert E. Lee v. George Meade

37

This was a railway hub and entrance to the invasion of Georgia.

Chattanooga, Tenn.

38

What two generals fought at Chattanooga in 1863?

Braxton Bragg v. Ulysses Grant

39

What southern Georgia city was captured and burned to the ground by troop under command of Gen. Sherman?

Atlanta, Ga.

40

What did General Sherman do in Georgia?

Marched to the sea from Atlanta to Savannah, burning all they could find. War is Hell!!

41

List four battles in 1864 that General Lee fought Grant

Wilderness
Spotsylvania
Cold Harbor
Petersburg

42

What was Gen. Grant's cavalry commander named who burned much of the Valley of Virginia?

General Sheridan

43

In April 1865, General Lee ___

Surrenders to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox

44

General Grant understood how General Lee was able to reinforce his army and thus stopped all ____ in 1864.

Prisoner of War Exchanges

45

to search for food and supplies in enemy territory is called ____.

Foraging

46

Symbol of Hospital women workers during Civil War was ____.

French woman Florence Nightingale

47

Leader of the US Sanitary Commission was __.

Elizabeth Blackwell, female doctor

48

Woman nurse who would later start the American Red Cross.

Clara Barton

49

What two things caused more deaths than all the battles combined?

Disease
infections

50

This was an army cracker and primary soldier's food.

Hard tack

51

The south faced many _____ in the army and at home during the war.

food shortages

52

List two occupations for women war work during the Civil War

making uniforms and shoe production

53

_____ were allowed to join the military effort but were discriminated against.

African-Americans

54

Which military regiment was formed from African American enlisted men and fought with bravery at Battery Wagner near Charleston, S.C.

54th Massachusetts Infantry

55

The Confederate authorities used ____ to import war materials through the blockade.

Blockade runners

56

The _____ freed all slaves in the entire country.

13th Amendment