Chapter 11: Fitness Testing Protocols and Norms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Fitness Testing Protocols and Norms Deck (34)
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1

Korotkoff Sounds

Vibrations that are heard, through the use of a stethoscope, as a result of blood flow through a constricted artery. (NSCA CPT, pg. 223)

2

Sphygmomanometry

Measurement of blood pressure using an inflatable air bladder–containing cuff and a stethoscope to auscultate the Korotkoff sounds. (NSCA CPT, pg. 223)

3

Auscultate

To listen to the sounds of the body by using a stethoscope. (NSCA CPT, pg. 223)

4

Anthropometry

The science of measurement applied to the human body; generally includes measurements of height, weight, and selected body girths. (NSCA CPT, pg. 226)

5

BMI

Body mass index. bodyweight (kg) divided by Height (m squared). (NSCA CPT, pg. 227)

6

Bioelectrical Impedance (BIA)

A body composition test that measures the amount of impedance or resistance to a small, painless electrical current. (NSCA CPT, pg. 231)

7

Near-infrared interactance (NIR)

A body composition test that measures changes in the absorption of light at various anatomical sites; sometimes referred to as near-infrared reactance. (NSCA CPT, pg. 231)

8

1-repetition maximum

The greatest amount of weight that can be lifted with proper technique for only one repetition. (NSCA CPT, pg. 244)

9

Average Heart Rate for an Adult

60 -80 bpm. (NSCA CPT, pg. 221)

10

Equipment used for Heart Rate

Stopwatch, Stethoscope, Heart Rate Monitor. (NSCA CPT, pg. 221)

11

Bradycardia

<60 bpm resting HR. (NSCA CPT, pg. 221)

12

Tachycardia

>100 bpm resting HR. (NSCA CPT, pg. 221)

13

Two pulse locations for palpation

Radial pulse, Carotid pulse. (NSCA CPT, pg. 222)

14

Equipment for Blood Pressure

Mercury or aneroid sphygmomanometer, Air bladder–containing cuff, Stethoscope. (NSCA CPT, pg. 224)

15

Time to rest before retesting Blood Pressure

Two minutes (NSCA CPT, pg. 225)

16

Body Composition

Used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. (NSCA CPT, pg. 226)

17

Skinfold measurements

Measures the thickness of subcutaneous fat. very similar to the measurements with underwater weighing. (NSCA CPT, pg. 229)

18

Equipment needed to take skin fold measurements.

Skinfold caliper, Nonelastic tape measure, Pen or other marking device. (NSCA CPT, pg. 229)

19

Skinfold Sites

Chest, Triceps, Abdomen, Thigh, Midaxilla, Subscapula, Suprailium, Medial calf. (NSCA CPT, pg. 229)

20

Equipment for the Waist-to-Hip Girth Ratio measurement

Nonelastic tape measure only. (NSCA CPT, pg. 232)

21

Cardiovascular Endurance

The ability to sustain large muscle movement over an extended period of time and the ability of the cardiovascular system to deliver oxygen for energy. (NSCA CPT, pg. 233)

22

What is the YMCA step test?

A basic, inexpensive cardiovascular endurance test that can be easily administered individually or to large groups. (NSCA CPT, pg. 239)

23

Run and Walk tests

12 minute Run/Walk, 1.5 mile run, Rockport Walking Test, 1 mile run. (NSCA CPT, pg. 240)

24

Equipment needed for 1 mile run test

Stopwatch and a flat one mile course. (NSCA CPT, pg. 242)

25

Muscular Strength

The amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximal effort. (NSCA CPT, pg. 243)

26

Absolute Strength

The raw strength score a person achieves. (NSCA CPT, pg. 243)

27

Relative Strength

Expressed relative to body weight. (NSCA CPT, pg. 243)

28

Typical upper body 1RM test

1RM Bench Press. (NSCA CPT, pg. 244)

29

Typical lower body 1RM test

1RM Leg Press. (NSCA CPT, pg. 244)

30

Muscular Endurance

The ability of a muscle to repeatedly exert force against resistance. (NSCA CPT, pg. 245)