Chapter 11 Multiple Choice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Multiple Choice Deck (21):
0

John Locke argued that

people can overthrow a tyrannical ruler

1

in 1500 England- the group who voted for members of the House of Commons

the aristocrats and the wealthy middle class

2

Glorious Revolution was triggered when

a son was born to James I and his Catholic wife

3

Petition of Right presented to Charles II

limited the king's power

4

James II angered Parliament by

giving Catholics top jobs in the government

5

Hobbes said people give up freedoms to an absolute ruler

in exchange for peace and order

6

three things about Rosseau

1. The Social Contract 2. the general will 3. the noble savage

7

the noble savage

an outsider that hasn't been corrupted by civilization

8

Rosseau believed that

civilization corrupted people

9

Parliament during the English Civil War

got support from the middle class

10

1700s- the British Prime Minister took the role of

leading the Cabinet

11

Voltaire said the best form of government was

an enlightened monarch

12

King Charles II

was careful with his dealings with Parliament

13

English Civil War- king won support from

the rural people

14

Whigs favored

1. a strong navy 2. toleration of Protestants 3. the Exchange Act

15

major cause of the English Civil War

the arbitrary rule of Charles I

16

Montesquieu said the purpose of separation of powers

is to promote rational reform

17

who said "Legislative and executive powers in one person... no liberty."

Montesquieu

18

effect of the English Civil War and Commonwealth

limited the English monarchy

19

Glorious Revolution
three effects/results

1. had a strong Parliament 2. William and Mary signed the Petition of Right 3. the Act of Toleration

20

Ideas of Philosophies (3)

1. freedom of religion 2. prison reform 3. abolish government censorship

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