Chapter 11 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (38):
1

Which of the following was Not a cause of WWI
a. American isolationism
b. imperialist competition
c. the stockpiling of weapons
d. European nationalism

A. American Isolatioism

2

Where did the assassination that triggered World War I occur
a. Bosnie
b. Belgium
c. Alsace-Lorraine
d. The Ottoman empire

a. Bosnia

3

What caused widespread starvation in Germany?
a. a severe drought
b. the devaluation of German currency
c. The British blockade
d. the Allied bombing of German farms

c. the British blockade

4

What did the United States use to overcome the threat of German U-boats?
a. airplanes
b. groups of guarded ships
c. ships flying neutral flags
d. a fleet of American submarines

b. groups of guarded ships

5

Which of the following was a result of the Selective Service Act
a. African Americans could not become Army Officers
b. Women could serve in combat positions
c. Troops were segregated by race
d. Men were required to register for military service

d. Men were required to register for military service

6

Which weapons of mechanized warfare were introduced in WWI
a. battlefront trenches
b. airplanes and tanks
c. hydrogen bombs
d. pistols and bayonets

b. airplanes and tanks

7

Which of the following nations suffered the FEWEST casualties?
a. France
b. Great Britain
c. Austria-Hungary
d. the United States

d. the United States

8

Which of the following nations was NOT a member of the "Big Four"?
a. Italy
b. France
c. Russia
d. Great Britain

c. Russia

9

Who rejected Wilson's "Fourteen points" peace plan
a. Allied leaders
b. the Germans
c. the US senate
d. The League of Nations

a. Allied Leaders

10

What reason did Senators give for opposing U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
a. It would lead to international instability
b. I would drain American finances
c. It would interfere with free-trade agreements
d. It would drag the United States into European conflicts

d. It would drag the United States into European conflicts

11

What hard ships did the soldiers face at the battlefront

They were shelled, gassed, and shot by snipers, they did not eat regularly, they were surrounded by dead horses and men, they didn't have clean water to drink, shell shock, lice and dysentery.

12

_______ in Europe, a policy under which nations built up their armed forces, was a major cause of WWI

militarism

13

The invasion of _________ began the active fighting in the war

Belgium

14

For more than three years, the major form if fighting on the western front was __________

trench warfare

15

U-boats were German _________

battleships

16

The Zimmerman note suggested an alliance between Germany and ________

Mexico

17

After defeating ______ on the eastern front the Central Powers concentrated on fighting in France

Russia

18

Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd, George and Orlando were referred to as _________

Big Four

19

The event known as the Great Migration increased the ________ population of Northern cities

African-American

20

Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech described his ______ plan

peace

21

Daylight-savings time was instituted as a means of _____________

conserving fuel

22

The Allies gave up their defense of Belgium in order to defend Paris. Why was paris so important?

Paris is the capital of France. If the central powers had taken Paris, all of France would have been under their control, dramatically shifting the balance of power in the war.

23

What were the effects on soldiers from constant shelling

"constant nerve tension" and shell shock. Shelling results in many casualties.

24

The policy that kept the United States out of the war for three years was called
a. nationalism
b. the alliance system
c. neutrality
d. the convoy system

c. neutrality

25

Because militarism had been a major part of the war the framers of the Treaty of Versailles
a. required Germany to pay for reparations for war damages
b. barred Germany from maintaining an army
c. stripped Germany of its colonies in the Pacific.

b. barred Germany from maintaining an army

26

The war might have involved only two nations, Austria-Hungary and Serbia if not for
a. the American Expeditionary Force
b. imperialism
c. propaganda
d. the alliance system

d. the alliance system

27

The Schlieffen Plan was effective because it
a. allowed Germany to fight on two fronts at once.
b. prevented ships from entering waters around Britain
c. resulted in years of trench warfare in France
d. allowed Germany to drive quickly toward the French capital

d. allowed Germany to drive quickly toward the French capital

28

Of the following, the most compelling reason for the United States to enter the war was
a. a moral obligation to halt the refugee crisis in Belgium
b. concern over the repayment of Allied debts to American banks
c. a desire to become more involved in the affairs of Europe
d. the outrage of American citizens over German submarine warfare

d. the outrage of American citizens over German submarine warfare

29

American supporters of entry into the war could claim their country was fighting a moral war because
a. the United States joined the war only after Russia's oppressive monarchy was replaced
b. many citizens planted victory gardens and bought war bonds
c. the ZImmerman note was intercepted
d. African Americans were offered new job opportunities in northern cities

a. the United States joined the war only after Russia's oppressive monarchy was replaced

30

The Espionage and Sedition Acts affected freedom of speech because they
a. forced restaurant owners to offer "liberty sandwiches" rather than "hamburgers"
b. allowed the government to silence ideas that challenged its authority
c. forced the repeal of the First Amendment
d. promoted biased ideas designed to sway people's thinking

b. allowed the government to silence ideas that challenged its authority

31

Labor leaders were targeted by the Espionage and Sedition Acts because they
a. demanded better conditions for workers even during a war crisis
b. questioned whether war was right under any circumstances
c. preferred the Russian system of government to the American system
d. refused to work in industries that supported the war effort

a. demanded better conditions for workers, even during a war crisis

32

Gains made by American women during WWI include
a. acceptance as full-fledged members of the U.S. Army
b. the beginnings of a movement for woman suffrage
c. equal pay for equal work in many war industries
d. increased support for women's right to vote

d. increased support for women's right to vote

33

The Treaty of Versailles overlooked the importance of
a. identifying the guilty party
b. treating all nations justly, including the losers of a war
c. including powerful nation like the United States in international peace-keeping organizations
d. crippling any nations that might prove dangerous in the future

b. treating all nations justly, including the losers of the war.

34

Why was there no fighting in Switzerland?

Switzerland was neutral territory. It was not involved in the fighting

35

What city in France was the object of German aggression? Why?

Paris. The Germans wanted to take control of Paris.

36

Why would Germany choose to attack in the North of France rather than farther South?

France would have been expecting it along the border with Germany

37

How might Germany's plan to capture Paris have changed if Belgium had been much stronger?

Unable to control France's northern border with Belgium, Germany might have advanced from its Western border with France.

38

How did trench warfare affect soldiers' mental health?

Constant shelling caused "shell shock". Depression at the lack of food and water, diseases and lice.