Chapter 11.4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11.4 Deck (11):
1

Californios

Settlers of Spanish or Mexican descent.
Owned large plots of land

2

Before the gold rush how many people were in California

150,000 natives and 8,000-12,000 californios

3

John Sutter and gold

In 1848 Sutter was granted 50,000 acres by the Mexican government. He hired James Marshall to build him a sawmill. While building this sawmill, Marshall discovered gold in the American River. This caused the gold rush

4

Forty-niners

People who went to California to find gold

5

What were the 3 ways to get to California

•travel by boat around the tip of South America.• travel by boat to Panama, cross the isthmus, and travel by boat to California• Oregon trail

6

What year was the gold rush from?number of people that came for the gold rush? What devolved because of the gold rush

From 1849-1852; 250,000 arrived in California; allowed for cities like San Francisco to develop

7

The gold rush also allowed for what to happen to California

Gained statehood as a free state in 1850

8

Who came to find gold

People from all around the world; Americans, Europeans, South Americans, Australians, Mexicans, Chinese

9

Who was very talented in finding gold

The Chinese were specially gifted in finding gold in areas that miners abandoned. This caused jealousy among American miners leading to discrimination against foreign miners

10

Foreign miners tax

After becoming a state, California passed a tax of $20 a month on miners from other countries

11

Who was California originally owned by

Spain