Chapter 12 - 14: Hypnotics, Alcohol, Antipsychotic, Antidepressant, Psychomotor Flashcards Preview

SMC - Pharmacology - TSparks > Chapter 12 - 14: Hypnotics, Alcohol, Antipsychotic, Antidepressant, Psychomotor > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 - 14: Hypnotics, Alcohol, Antipsychotic, Antidepressant, Psychomotor Deck (29):
1

Automatism

Drug-induced confusion that cans cause increased drug consumption

2

Barbiturate

CNS depressant drug possessing the barbituric acid ring structure

3

Benzodiazepine

Class of drugs used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders

4

GABA

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, an inhibitory neurotransmitter in CNS

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Hypnotic

Drug used to induce and maintain sleep

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Nonbarbiturate

Refers to sedative-hypnotic drugs that do not possess the barbituric acid structure, as benzodiazepines and related drugs

7

NREM Sleep

stages of sleep characterized by nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

8

REM

Stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movement (REM) and dreaming

9

Sedative

Drug used to produce mental relaxation and to reduce the desire for physical activity

10

Akathisia

Continuous body movement in which an individual is restless or constantly paces about

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Antianxiety Drug

Drug used to treat anxiety; these drugs are also referred to as anxiolytics

12

Antipsychotic Drug

Drug used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic conditions

13

Anxiety

A state of anxiousness and hyper-emotionalism that occurs with uncertainty, stress, and fearful situation

14

Dystonic Reaction

Reaction characterized by muscle spasms, twitching, facial grimacing , or torticollis

15

Extrapyramidal Syndrome (EPS)

Movement disorders such as akathisia, dystonia, and parkinsonism caused by antipsychotic drug

16

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

Toxic syndrome associated with the use of antipsychotic drugs

17

Psychosis

Form of mental illness that produces bizarre behavior and deterioration of the personality

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Schizophrenia

Major form of psychosis; behavior in appropriate

19

Tardive Dyskinesia

Drug-induced involuntary movements of the lips, jaws, tongue, and extremities

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Bipolar Mood Disorder

Mood Disorder where episodes of mania and depression occur alternatively

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Depression

Mental state characterized by depressed mood, with feelings of frustration and hopelessness

22

Exogenous, or Reactive, Depression

Depression caused by external factors of life events

23

Lithium

An element similar to sodium that is used in the treatment of mania and bipolar mood disorder

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Mania

Mental state of excitement, hyperactivity, and excessive elevation of mood

25

Monoamine Oxidase (MAO)

Enzyme that inactivated norepinephrine and serotonin

26

Monoamine Theory of Mental Depression

Theory that mental depression is cause by low brain levels of norepinephrine and serotonin (monamines)

27

Psychomotor Stimulant

Amphetamine or related drug that increases mental and physical activity

28

SSIRs

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, a class of antidepressant drugs

29

TCAs

Tricyclic antidepressants, a class of antidepressant drugs