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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (18):
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Large desert in Northern Africa.

Sahara

1

Flat grasslands in the tropics or subtropics with a few, scattered trees.

Savannas

2

Region that, because of its soil and climate, has distinctive types of plants.

Vegetation zone

3

West African peoples who shared a language family and gradually migrated eastward and southward.

Bantu-speaking peoples

4

Storytellers in Africa civilizations.

Griots

5

Connection among people by blood, marriage, or adoption.

Kinship

6

Belief that souls or spirits exist in natural objects.

Animism

7

Kingdom that existed from the 700s to the 1100s in the region between the Sahara and the forests of the southern West Africa.

Ghana

8

North African Islamic dynasty in the 1000s and 1100s that tried to forcibly convert neighboring peoples.

Almoravids

9

Wets African empire established by the Malinke people between the 1200s and the 1500s.

Mali

10

Ruler of the Malinke people in the 1200s who greatly expanded Mali's empire.

Sundiata

11

City of the Mali, developed dy Sundiata in the 1200s as a center of trade and culture.

Timbuktu

12

Leader of the Mali empire from 1312 to about 1332.

Mansa Musa

13

West African people whose leaders built a giant empire in the 1400s and 1500s.

Songhai

14

Ruler of the Songhai empire from 1493 to 1528 who expanded the empire and organized its government.

Askia Muhammad

15

Empire along the Red Sea that controlled much of northern Ethiopia from the first to the eighth century.

Aksum

16

Ancient city-state on the eastern coast of Africa, settled by people from Arabia and Persia.

Kiwa

17

African language that blends Bantu and Arabic elements.

Swahili