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The profitable and convenience of owning slaves as well as the psychological appeal of owning slaves

Created a sense of racial unity

1

In many fields, blacks influenced snd enriched

The region's development

2

Why were there fewer immigrants to the South

Main shipping lines went to the North and slavery isolated the region

3

The Lower South gree

Increasingly dependent upon labor intensive cotton production and slave labor. Slaves represent half of the population

4

The Middle South had

Diversified agricultural economies and included large areas without slavery

5

In the Upper South,

Slavery began to decline

6

What all three regions agreed on was

To keep slavery

7

Paternalism

Incorporated slaves into their housego
Sm

8

Whites increasingly believed that only

Constant vigilance, supervision, terror, intimidation, and punishment would keep slaves in order

9

Rice production was very expensive because

It required large machinery and few plantations could afford it. In addition, it required floodgates and irrigation ditches

10

Sugar was also expensive because of high machinery

Sugar needed a protective tariff. Louisiana is a large supporter

11

Three factors of growth

Cotton gin, demand of cotton by Britain and France, and the aggressive cultivation of farmlands in the newer states

12

Many of the blacks moved in

Chained gangs from plantations and slave markets

13

Cotton could be cultivated in

Small farms

14

Why did South believe they needed manufacturing?

Not need dependence from the North

15

Lag in industrial movement in south because of

Blacks supposed inability to work in factories and gentlemen grew disdain for industrial production

16

Karl Mark in the communist manifesto stated thag

Without cotton you have no modern industry

17

James H. Hammond said

You dare not make war with cotton. No power on earth can wage war on it w

18

What distinguished between a plantation and a farm?

Large labor and staple crops,

19

The mistress of the plantation

Oversaw the supply and preparation of food and linens, the household snd care of the sick

20

Mary chestnut complained that

Wives are slaves. They do the domestic activities of the household and managed the slaves

21

Husbands followed the rule of

Self indulgent hedonism

22

What sis the yeomen do?

Grew some corn and cotton and traded with their neighbors

23

Southern farmers were typically

Mobile folk, ever willing to pull up stakes and move west for better lands

24

They tended to be

Independent and suspicious of federal authority

25

Yeomen feared that if slaves were freed

They would compete for land

26

Despite such restrictions, slaves found ways to

Forge networks of community that enabled them to sustain thei rfolk heritage

27

Most free blacks were

Very poor

28

Some mulattoes built substantial fortunes

And even became slave owners

29

Why did the South want to treat their slaves better?

So they could increase the cash value of slaves

30

Some slaveholders hired wage

Laborers, often Irish i
Immigrants for ditching and other dangerous work

31

Slaves who,were field hands

Were organized into work gangs, usually supervised by a black driver or white overseer

32

What was the difference between a good owner or bad owner?

How much they whipped you

33

Where did escapees run to?

Mexico, the North, or Canada

34

City life meant that enslaved blacks interacted

Not only with their white owners but also the interracial community

35

Some slaves in cities were hired out on the condition that they

Paid a percentage of their earned wages to the North. Slaves in North enjoyed greater mobility and freedom

36

Pregnant slaves were given

More food and less work

37

One women passed child bearing years, their

Labor increased

38

Grannies wioild keep,

The children during the day

39

What were spirituals?

Songs that expressed their frustration at being kept in bondage

40

What was the main religion of the blacks?

One Supreme God, and lesser deities like Christ and the Holy Ghost

41

Belief in magic is a common human response to

Conditions of danger or helplessness