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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (34):
1

Do protozoa produce asexual or sexual?

Both

2

Resistant stage of protozoa

Encystment

3

Active but fragile stage of protozoa

Trophozite

4

Causes malaria

Plasmodium

5

Associated with cats

Toxoplasma gondii

6

How to prevent malaria?

Bed nets to block mosquitoes.

7

Causes diarrhea, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, fever. Epidemic in Milwaukee

Cryptosporidium parvum

8

How is amoeba hisolytica transmited?

Fecal-oral route.

9

Amoeba that feeds on RBCs.

Amoeba hisolytica

10

Amoeba with 5 nucleus in cyst

Entamoeba coli

11

Causes African sleeping disease

Trypanosoma

12

Transmitted by the bite of sand fliesn

Leishmania

13

Severe form of leishmania damages organs. 100% fatal.

Visceral Leishmania
Also called "Kala azar"

14

Transmitted by the bite of sand flies

Leishmania

15

Kinds of worms (2)

Flat worms
Round worms

16

Severe form of leishmania damages organs. 100% fatal.

Visceral Leishmania

17

Causes trichomoniasis

Trichomona vaginalis

18

Kinds of worms

Flat worms
Round worms

19

Eggs with lid.

Operculated eggs

20

Flat worm that produces sexually. Male larger. Female smaller. Cover them selves with human tissue and immune system does not see them. It is the high number of eggs that cause damage.

Schistosoma

21

Infectious stage for schistoma flat worms?

Larva

22

Eggs have a pick like protrusion

Schistoma

23

Sections of worm have own testis and ovaries.

Tape worm

24

Known as round worms

Phylum nematode

25

Worm that has 2 sexes, larva and eggs are infective to humans.

Phylum nematode

26

Round worms that can be 12 inches long. Can block the intestines. Effect lungs, and digestive system. Can also come out the mouth and nose while host is sleeping.

Ascaris Lumbricoides

27

Pin worms. Fecal-oral route. Anal itching is a big sign. Use scotch tape test to see if you have it.

Enterobius vermicularis

28

Guinea worm disease. Worms appear under the skin on lower limbs.

Drancunculiasis

29

Hookworm. Larvae penetrates hosts skin then travel to blood, lungs, and digestive system.

Necator americanus

30

Eukaryotic, unicellular, chemoheterotrophs

Protozoa

31

What are the two stages of protozoa

Encystment
Trophozoite

32

What are the two stages of protozoa?

Encystment
Trophozoite

33

Transmitted by Tsetse fly

Trypanosoma spp

34

Type of worm that attaches to the liver?

Fasciola hepatica