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What determines blood types

The presence or absence of antigens

1

Name the 4 blood types

A, b, ab, o

2

What are the blood genotypes for the following individuals, homozygous dominat for blood type b, heterozygous blood type a, blood type ab, blood type o

IBIB
Iai
IaIb
ii

3

What is the universal donor

O-

4

What is the universal recipient

AB+

5

Who discovered blood types, what year

Karl Landsteiner, 1900

6

Is the Rh factor
Sex linked
Dominant
Codominant
Recessive

Dominant

7

If one of your parents has Huntingtons disease, what are the chances you would get it

50%

8

What chromosomes holds the genes for Huntingtom's disease

4

9

What are the symptoms of Huntington's disease

Mild forgetfulness, loss of muscle control, spasms, mental illness, death

10

Is the gene for Huntington's
Dominant
Recessive
Codominant

Dominant

11

What chromosome holds the gene for Marfans Syndrome

15

12

What are the symptoms of Marfans syndrome

Long limbs, loose joints, deformed vertebrate, rupture of large arteries, sudden death

13

What famous syndrome has Marfans syndrome

Michael Phelps

14

What disease results in the body not being able to break down a particular amino acid? It leads to brain damage if not treated.

PKU

15

Who discovered sickle cell anemia, when?

Dr. James Herrick, 1904

16

What do the red blood cells look like if a person has sickle cell anemia? What is the genotype for a person with it, what is the genotype of a carrier?

Blood cells are sickle shaped (impair blood flow, clog and get stuck in capillaries),
HsHs
HAHS

17

What are the symptoms of cystic fibrosis

Shortened life expectancy, mucus clogs the lungs and pancreas leading to infections

18

What is an x linked trait

Alleles for a trait are found on X chromosome

19

List some x linked traits

Colorblindness, hemophilia

20

What % of males have colorblindness

8%

21

What is the most common type of colorblindness

Red/green

22

What is the symbol used for normal vision? What is the symbol for colorblindness?

XC
Xc

23

Why are more males affected with x linked traits then females

They only have 1 X chromosome, if it is affected they have the trait, females have 2 (they can have 1 chromosome with the trait and not have it , but be carriers)

24

What is the main symptom if hemophilia

Impairs the bloods ability to clot, missing the clotting factor 8 or AHF (antihemophilic factor)

25

Why is hemophilia called the royal disease

Queen Victoria had it and passed it to royal generations

26

List 3 examples of polygenic traits

Skin color, eye color, hair color, height

27

Know what they symbols on a pedigree mean

Look at chart

28

What pigment determines a persons skin color

Melanin

29

What is a karyotype

A map of a person's chromosomes at the metaphase step arranged in a sequence