Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (25):
1

What are the three steps

Initiation, elongation, and termination

2

Transcription

The building of the messenger RNA off the DNA molecule

3

mRNA must be built off the what

Template

4

What is the complementary side

Okazaki side - DOES NOT BUILD RNA

5

Codons do what

Code for an amino acid

6

What is needed to code for an amino acid?

Set of three letters

7

What is made in transcription

mRNA

8

What is made in translation

Polypeptide, primary protein

9

Which is found on DNA

Triplet

10

Which is found on transport RNA

Anti-codon

11

What is the tRNA transferring

Amino acids

12

What type bond combines amino acids

Peptide

13

What is mRNA made off of

DNA template

14

The strand of DNA that is used to make RNA is the what

Template or fast making strand

15

DNA is self assembling but you need to have at least have a strand to make more. This is said to be what

Semi conservative

16

What is RNA sugar

Ribose

17

RNA does not have what base?

Thymine

18

What happens in initiation?

RNA polymerase, attach to mRNA, met starts it

19

What happens in elongation?

Add more amino acids, attachment is done by dehydration synthesis

20

Termination

Everything falls apart, stops on UGA codon

21

What needs all three RNA?

Translation

22

mENA must be built off of what?

Template or fast-making strand

23

What is the complementary side?

Okazaki side

24

Okazaki side does not what?

Build RNA

25

Which structure in the cell is the site of protein synthesis?

Ribosome