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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (20):
1

Between 1987 and 2011, what has been the trend in the average workweek for individual Canadians?
a. the number of hours worked has increased
b. the number of hours worked has decreased
c. the number of hours worked has stayed the same
d. after a slight decrease, the number of hours worked has increased

the number of hours worked has decreased

2

What is the main reason why overall family work hours have increased in the last few decades?
a. individuals are working more hours
b. employers tend to give less time off
c. the number of dual-earner families has increased
d. daycare is more easily accessible

the number of dual-earner families has increased

3

In 2009, what proportion of mothers with children aged three to five were in the paid labour force?
a. over three-quarters
b. less than one-half
c. over two-thirds
d. less than one-quarter

over two-thirds

4

In 2009, what proportion of mothers with school-aged children were in the paid labour force?
a. over three-quarters
b. less than one-half
c. over two-thirds
d. less than one-quarter

over three-quarters

5

What do individuals experience when expectations from roles at home and work become so great that one or more become difficult to manage?
a. work–life conflict
b. burnout
c. stress
d. role conflict

work–life conflict

6

What is one significant change in marital and partner roles since the first half of the last century?
a. most married women now work outside the home
b. most married women now work at home
c. most married men now work at home
d. most married men now work outside the home

most married women now work outside the home

7

According to Kathleen Gerson, which of the following factors has an influence on a woman’s choice of life path?
a. the city in which she lives
b. her ethnicity
c. her religion
d. the stability of her marriage

the city in which she lives

8

What effect has technology had on housework?
a. it has reduced housework
b. it has increased heavy work
c. it has reduced loneliness during housework
d. it has made it different, not less

it has made it different, not less

9

Currently, who in the family is most likely to do most of the housework?
a. the woman
b. the man
c. both partners equally
d. the teenage children

the woman

10

What is the term for having too much to do and too little time to do it?
a. punching the time clock
b. schedule stress
c. everyday life
d. a time crunch

a time crunch

11

In which situation are most couples happy with the division of paid and unpaid work?
a. when it is divided 50-50
b. when it is divided according to traditional gender roles
c. when it is seen as fair
d. when paid work is more than unpaid work

when it is seen as fair

12

In general, which factor helps a couple manage a commuter relationship better?
a. if they are newlyweds
b. if they are cohabiting rather than married
c. if they no longer have children at home
d. if it is a permanent solution

if they no longer have children at home

13

Julie feels torn between her job and her family. She feels she can do neither of them justice. According to the text, what is she probably a victim of?
a. her own potential
b. perfectionist parents
c. too many children
d. her own expectations

her own expectations

14

What is the “career mystique”?
a. when people do a job that at first seems boring but eventually they find it is the right job for them
b. when there is a perfect balance between paid work and unpaid work
c. when people keep trying different jobs until they find the perfect career
d. when people find happiness in jobs that require them to devote all their time and energy to their career advancement

when people find happiness in jobs that require them to devote all their time and energy to their career advancement

15

One study found little connection between the fact mothers had jobs and the marital satisfaction they and their husbands felt, unless which of the following occurred?
a. Their husbands had traditional ideas about gender roles.
b. The mothers had children under the age of three.
c. The mothers experienced employment role confusion.
d. They had four or more children.

Their husbands had traditional ideas about gender roles.

16

When do both spouses tend to rate their marriages as happier?
a. when they both have traditional ideas about gender roles
b. when all their children are under the age of three
c. when fathers are more involved with their children
d. when both spouses work outside the home

when fathers are more involved with their children

17

What is the recent trend in work–family conflicts?
a. they have always been the same
b. they are getting progressively less
c. they have progressively worsened
d. they have almost been eliminated

c. they have progressively worsened

18

Which term refers to a situation where family and work roles or time demands interfere with each other?
a. role spillover
b. role overload
c. role ambiguity
d. role confusion

role spillover

19

Which term refers to the perception of being stressed or overwhelmed by the pressures of multiple family and work roles?
a. role spillover
b. role overload
c. role ambiguity
d. role confusion

role overload

20

Which stage is generally considered to be the most stressful in the family life cycle?
a. old age
b. retirement
c. marriage and the first years
d. child-rearing and adolescence

child-rearing and adolescence