Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (25):
1

oasis

a wet, fertile area in a desert

2

caravan

a group of traders that travel together

3

Muhammad

a man who brought a new religion to Arabia

4

Islam

a religion formed by the messages Muhammad received

5

Muslim

A follower of Islam

6

Qur'an

the holy book of Islam

7

pilgrimage

a journey to a sacred place

8

Mosque

a building for Muslim prayer

9

jihad

means "to make an effort, or to struggle"

10

Sunnah

refers to the way Muhammad lived, which provides a model for the duties and the way of life expected of Muslims

11

Five Pillars of Islam

five acts of worship required by all Muslims

12

Abu Baker

one of Muhammad's first converts who took Muhammad's place when he died

13

caliph

a title that Muslims use for the highest leader of Islam

14

tolerance

acceptance

15

Janissaries

slave soldiers

16

Mehmed II

leader of the Ottomans in 1453

17

Suleyman I

Ottomans leader from 1520 to 1566

18

Shia

Muslims who thought that only Muhammad's descendants could become caliphs

19

Sunni

didn't think that caliphs had to be related to Muhammad

20

Ibn Battutah

an explorer who traveled to Africa, India, China, and Spain in the 1320s

21

Sufism

a movement focused on spiritual issues

22

Omar Khayyam

one of the most famous Sufi poets

23

patrons

sponsors

24

minaret

a narrow tower where Muslims are called to prayer

25

calligraphy

decorative writing