Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

Cognition > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (29):
1

Emotion loss is caused by damage to what part of the brain?

Orbitofrontal cortex

2

Attribute substitution

A strategy in which you rely on easily assessed info as a proxy for the info you need

3

Availability heuristic

Basing judgements on availability of other information to make a decision on something

4

Representativeness heuristic

Probability of a correct judgement instead of using information available

5

Heuristic

Strategies to quickly and efficiently gain information

6

Gambler’s fallacy

The expectation that because you had several bad flips, you will get a good one soon

7

Covariation

When two things tend to go together. Ex. Lots of cd’s mean you likely go to concerts a lot

8

Confirmation bias

A tendency to be more responsive that confirms your bias

9

Base-rate information

Information about how frequently something occurs in general.

10

Dual-process

To models of thinking working together

11

Type 1

Fast, easy thinking

12

Type 2

Slower, more effortful thinking

13

Type 2 thinking....

Is only used when cued or the circumstances are right

14

Induction

The process through which you make forecasts based on specific cases

15

Deduction

Starts with claims that are a given and then apply it to specific situations

16

Belief perserverance

Continuing to believe one’s beliefs in the face of evidence to the contrary

17

Categorical syllogisms

Logical argument that begins with two assertions that each have a statement regarding the category

18

Valid sylligisms

The conclusion does follow from the premises stated

19

Invalid syllogism

An incorrect statement

20

Belief bias

Happens to be something person already believes in, they will agree that it is logical

21

Conditional statements

A conditional statement on an answer

22

Selection task

Participants are shown four cards and told each had a letter and a letter on the back. Must guess which had even number

23

Utility maximization

Deciding what course of action os the best utility for the best cost

24

Frame

The way something is spoken to make it sound less risky, or more risky

25

Risk seeking

Frame casts a choice in terms of losses, people are risk seeking

26

Risk aversion

If cast in terms of gains, people are adverse to risks

27

Reason-based choice

Reason fueled choice

28

Somatic markers

A feeling upon remembering an event

29

Affective forecasting

Ability to predict one’s own emotions