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​2.​Children should be fed
a.
three times per day only.
b.
only when they request food.
c.
at about the same times each day.
d.
three meals and three snacks each day.

C

1

​1.​In feeding children, adults are responsible for determining
a.
children’s likes and dislikes.
b.
the amount of food consumed.
c.
the quantity and quality of foods prepared.
d.
the amount of time taken to consume foods.

C

2

​3.​The best way to encourage children to consume adequate nutrients with less than 30% of kcals from fat is to
a.
avoid fast food and fried foods.
b.
follow a vegan eating pattern.
c.
use low-fat foods and take a vitamin/mineral supplement.
d.
include plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

D

3

​4.​Children ages 1 to 3 years have an increasing sense of
a.
privacy.
b.
isolation.
c.
dependence.
d.
independence.

D

4

​5.​If a 2-year-old is drinking 4 cups of milk daily, they are probably drinking
a.
too little milk to provide sufficient calcium for their growing skeleton.
b.
about the right amount of milk to meet their nutrient needs.
c.
about the right amount of milk provided they are at a healthy weight.
d.
too much milk, which may displace other important foods from their diet.

D

5

​6.​Excessive juice intake may be a problem for young children because
a.
high potassium intakes may be harmful.
b.
it may displace more nutrient-dense foods.
c.
excessive fluid intake may cause kidney damage.
d.
fruit juice contains substances that may be addictive.

B

6

​7.​Children ages 4 to 6 years are more likely to eat steamed green beans if they are presented
a.
as green bean casserole.
b.
highly seasoned.
c.
alone as a snack between meals.
d.
separated from other foods on the plate.

D

7

​8.​If a child does not like a food when they try it for the first time
a.
their preference should be respected and they should not be encouraged to try it again.
b.
they should be offered a reward if they eat a reasonable amount of the food.
c.
they should be encouraged to eat at least five bites to see if their taste buds adjust.
d.
they should be offered the food at least 8 to 10 times before deciding whether they like it.

D

8

​9.​It is important for parents to teach children to
a.
recognize internal hunger cues.
b.
recognize external hunger cues.
c.
eat the same amount of food each day.
d.
monitor their weight on a regular basis.

A

9

​10.​The best way for a parent to encourage their toddler to eat a variety of foods is to
a.
offer rewards for trying new foods.
b.
make new foods look like favorite foods.
c.
allow free access to foods at all times.
d.
eat a variety of foods themselves.

D

10

​11.​The child most likely to develop type 2 diabetes is the one who
a.
is obese.
b.
is malnourished.
c.
has multiple food allergies.
d.
lives in a low-income household.

A

11

​12.​The National School Lunch Program provides
a.
free lunches for all schoolchildren.
b.
reduced-price lunches for all schoolchildren.
c.
lunches only for children from low-income families.
d.
lunches at varying costs depending on family income.

D

12

​13.​An example of a breakfast that would meet the School Breakfast Program requirements would be
a.
scrambled egg, bacon, toast, and orange juice.
b.
cold breakfast cereal with milk, toast with honey.
c.
toast with peanut butter, banana, and milk.
d.
turkey sausage, hash browns, ketchup, and milk.

C

13

​14.​To promote good eating habits in adolescents, adults should
a.
discuss the reasons for good food choices with adolescents.
b.
design daily menus and provide only the specific foods on the menu.
c.
create guidelines for dietary patterns and provide appropriate food choices.
d.
model good food behaviors and allow adolescents to make their own choices.

C

14

​15.​Adolescent boys generally require more protein than adolescent girls because
a.
boys become taller than girls during adolescence.
b.
lean body mass increases more in boys than in girls during adolescence.
c.
hormonal differences allow adolescent girls to use protein more efficiently than adolescent boys.
d.
foods high in protein are also high in minerals, and boys have higher mineral needs than girls during adolescence.

B

15

​16.​It is especially important to make sure that teenage girls obtain adequate calcium because
a.
calcium is lost from the body during menstruation.
b.
adolescent girls require more calcium than adolescent boys.
c.
lactose intolerance is especially common in adolescent girls.
d.
adolescent girls often have inadequate intakes of calcium-rich foods.

D

16

​17.​The best way to reduce the risk of asphyxiation (choking) in toddlers is to make sure that they
a.
drink plenty of fluids with meals.
b.
avoid conversation during meals.
c.
sit down while eating and chew foods well.
d.
eat using utensils rather than with their fingers.

C

17

​18.​Lead poisoning may be diagnosed at the same time as
a.
food allergies.
b.
anorexia nervosa.
c.
iron deficiency anemia.
d.
vitamin D and calcium deficiencies.

C

18

​19.​Children become overweight because of
a.
sedentary lifestyles.
b.
excessive portion sizes.
c.
consumption of high-fat foods.
d.
a combination of several factors.

D

19

​20.​Interventions for obese children should focus on
a.
gradual weight loss.
b.
low-fat food choices.
c.
healthy lifestyle behaviors.
d.
increased physical activity.

C

20

​21.​An example of a child who is at high risk for iron-deficiency anemia is one
a.
who has allergies to milk and nuts.
b.
living in an African American low-income family.
c.
whose parents both work full time.
d.
who eats most of their food away from home.

B

21

​22.​In children, the most common food allergens include
a.
wheat, barley, oats, and milk.
b.
peanuts, milk, eggs, and wheat.
c.
fish, shellfish, tree nuts, and peanuts.
d.
eggs, strawberries, oranges, and tree nuts.

B

22

​23.​The most serious, potentially life-threatening reaction to a food allergen is
a.
dermatitis.
b.
anaphylaxis.
c.
syncope (fainting).
d.
gastrointestinal bleeding.

B

23

​24.​A true food allergy involves the _____ system.
a.
immune
b.
digestive
c.
respiratory
d.
cardiovascular

A

24

​25.​Food allergies are treated by
a.
use of antihistamine medications.
b.
avoiding all sources of the offending food.
c.
taking supplemental digestive enzymes to break down the offending protein.
d.
gradual desensitization to the offending protein under medical supervision.

B

25

​26.​A food that includes “sodium caseinate” and “lactalbumin” in the list of ingredients should be avoided by individuals with a(n) _____ allergy.
a.
egg
b.
milk
c.
wheat
d.
peanut

B

26

​27.​Eating disorders are generally caused by
a.
unresolved emotional conflicts.
b.
a desire to achieve a healthy weight.
c.
dietary restrictions imposed by families.
d.
a desire to achieve a high level of fitness.

A

27

​28.​If a parent often finds empty food wrapper’s in their teenage daughter’s bedroom, if she spends several minutes in the bathroom right after every meal, and if she exercises for more than an hour every day, the parent may suspect
a.
bulimia nervosa.
b.
anorexia nervosa.
c.
binge-eating disorder.
d.
chronic dieting syndrome.

A

28

​29.​For individuals with binge eating disorder, episodes of binge eating may be triggered by
a.
stressful events.
b.
nutrient deficiencies.
c.
periods of relaxation.
d.
unintended weight loss.

A

29

​30.​An important part of nutrition intervention for clients with eating disorders includes
a.
eating all foods with other people present.
b.
separating food behaviors from emotional issues.
c.
limiting exercise to no more than 30 minutes daily.
d.
keeping a record of food and exercise habits.

B