Chapter 12 & 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 & 14 Deck (188):
1

Indicates the presence of serum protein in the urine. The major protein in blood plasma and when detected in urine, it may indicate a leak in the glomerular membrane

Protein & urine

Albuminuria

Albumin & -uria

2

Pertaining to a medication that decreases urine production and secretion

Against
Complete, through
Urine
Pertaining to

Antidiuretic

Anti-
Di(a)-
Uret
-ic

3

Means without the formation or urine; lack of urine production

Without
Urine

Anuria

An-
-uria

4

Presence of bacteria in the urine

Bacteria
Urine

Bacteriuria

Bacteri
-uria

5

Presence of calcium in the urine

Calcium
Urine

Calciuria

Calc/I
-uria

6

Pebble; any abnormal concretion (stone)

(No word parts)

Calculus

Plural is calculi

7

Tube of elastic, elastic web, rubber, glass, metal or plastic that is inserted into a body cavity to remove fluid or to inject fluid

(No word part)

Catheter

8

Surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder

Bladder
Surgical excision

Cystectomy

Cyst - bladder
-ectomy - surgical excision

9

Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina

Bladder
Hernia

Cystocele

Cyst/o - bladder
-cele - hernia

10

X-ray record of the bladder

Bladder
A mark, record

Cystogram

Cyst/o - bladder
-gram - a mark, record

11

A bladder stone; a vesicul calculus

Bladder
Stone

Cystolith

Cyst/o - bladder
-lith - stone

12

Medical instrument used for visual exam of the bladder

Bladder
Instrument for examining

Cystoscope

Cyst/o - bladder
-scope - instrument for examining

13

Medical procedure to separate waste material from the blood & to maintain fluid, electrolyte, & acid-base balance in impaired kidney function or in the absence of the kidney

Complete, through
Destruction, to separate

Dialysis

Dia- complete, through
-lysis - destruction, to separate

14

Pathological condition of increased or excessive flow of urine; occurs in conditions such as diabetes mellitus, insipidus, and acute renal failure

Complete, through
Urinate
Condition

Diuresis

Di(a)- complete, through
Ur - urinate
-esis - condition

15

Difficult or painful urination

Difficult, painful
Urine

Dysuria

Dys- difficult, painful
-uria - urine

16

Pathological condition in which the body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid

(No word parts)

Edema

17

Condition of involuntary emission of urine; bed wetting

W/in
Urinate
Condition

Enuresis

En- within
Ur - urinate
-esis: condition

18

Pertaining to the elimination of waste products from the body

Sifted out
Pertaining to

Excretory

Excretor: sifted out
-y: pertaining to

19

Process whereby a medical device is used to crush kidney stones (renal calculi)

Outside, beyond
Body
Pertaining to
Stone
Crushing

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

Extra- : outside, beyond
Corpore: body
-al : pertaining to
Lith/o : stone
-tripsy: crushing

20

Pertaining to the glomerulus; a tuft of blood vessels located w/in the bowman capsule that permits a greater surface area for filtration

Glomerulus, little ball
Pertaining to

Glomerular

Glomerul: glomerulus, little ball
-ar: pertaining to

21

Inflammation of the renal glomeruli

Glomerulus, little ball
Inflammation

Glomerulitis

Glomerul: glomerulus, little ball
-itis: inflammation

22

Inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli. There are 3 types

Glomerulus, little ball
Kidney
Inflammation

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerul/o: glomerulus, little ball
Nephr: kidney
-itis: inflammation

23

Presence of glucose in the urine

Glucose, sugar
Urine

Glycosuria

Glycos: glucose, sugar
-uria: urine

24

Presence of red blood cells in the urine. Urine appears normal to the naked eye, but examination w/ a microscope shows a high number of RBCs

Blood
Urine

Hematuria

Hemat: blood
-uria: urine

25

Use of an artificial kidney to separate waste from the blood. Blood is circulated thru tubes made of semipermeable membranes

Blood
Through, complete
Separation, loosening, dissolution

Hemodialysis (HD)

Hem/o : blood
Dia- : through, complete
-lysis : separation, loosening, dissolution

26

Pathological condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow, thereby forming distention and damage to the kidney

Water
Kidney
Condition

Hydronephrosis

Hydro- water
Nephr: kidney
-osis : condition

27

Excessive amount of calcium in the urine

Excessive
Calcium
Urine

Hypercalciuria

Hyper- excessive
Calci : calcium
-uria : urine

28

Inability to hold or control urination or defecation

Not
To hold

Incontinence

In- not
Continence : to hold

29

Chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall

(No word parts)

Interstitial cystitis (IC)

30

Presence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism. Can occur due to complication of diabetes mellitus but can occur in dieting and starvation

Ketone
Urine

Ketonuria

Keton: ketone
-uria : urine

31

Crushing of a kidney stone

Stone
Crushing

Lithotripsy

Lith/o : stone
-tripsy : crushing

32

Incision of the urinary meat us to enlarge the opening

Passage
Incision

Meatotomy

Meat/o : passage
-tomy : incision

33

Opening or passage; the external opening of the urethra

(No word parts)

Meatus

34

Process of urination

To urinate
Process

Micturition

Micturit: to urinate
-ion : process

35

Surgical excision of a kidney

Kidney
Surgical excision

Nephrectomy

Nephr: kidney
-ectomy : surgical excision

36

Inflammation of the kidney

Kidney
Inflammation

Nephritis

Nephr: kidney
-itis : inflammation.

37

Commonly called kidney stones; usually deposits of mineral salts, called calculi, in the kidney.

Kidney
Stone, calculus
Condition

Nephrolithiasis

Nephr/o : kidney
Lith : stone, calculus
-iasis: condition

38

Means study of the kidney and its function as well as diagnosis & tx. Of renal diseases

Kidney
Study of

Nephrology

Nephr/o : kidney
-logy : study of

39

Kidney tumor

Kidney
Tumor

Nephroma

Nephr : kidney
-Oma : tumor

40

Basic structural and functional unit of the kidney

(No word parts)

Nephron

41

Pathological disease of the kidney

Kidney
Disease

Nephropathy

Nephr/o : kidney
-pathy : disease

42

Condition of hardening of the kidney

Kidney
Hardening
Condtition

Nephrosclerosis

Nephr/o : kidney
Scler : hardening
-osis : condition

43

Urination during the night

Night
Urine

Nocturia

Noct: night
-uria : urine

44

Scanty, decreased amount of urine. Decreased production of urine may b a sign of dehydration, renal failure, hypovolemic shock, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, or urinary obstruction

Scanty
Urine

Oliguria

Olig- : scanty
-uria : urine

45

Crushing of a kidney stone by using ultrasound. Uses a nephrons cope or fluoroscopy

Through
Skin
Pertaining to
Beyond
Sound
Pertaining to
Stone
Crushing

Percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy (PUL)

Per- : through
Cutane : skin
-ous : pertaining to
Ultra- : beyond
Son : sound
-ic : pertaining to
Lith/o : stone
-tripsy : crushing

46

Separation of waste from the blood by using a peritoneal catheter & dialysis. Fluid is introduced into the peritoneal cavity, and wastes from the blood pass into this fluid.

Peritoneum
Pertaining to
Complete, through
To separate

Peritoneal dialysis (PD)

Peritone: peritoneum
-al : pertaining to
Dia- : complete, through
-lysis : to separate

47

Means pertaining to around the urethra; the immediate area surrounding the urethra

Around
Urethra
Pertaining to

Periurethral

Peri- : around
Urethr : urethra
-al : pertaining to

48

Means excessive secretion and discharge of urine; frequent urination; occurs in diabetes mellitus, chronic nephritis, and nephrosclerosis and can be induced w/ diuretics

Around
Urethra
Pertaining to

Periurethral

Peri- : around
Urethr : urethra
-al : pertaining to

49

Inflammation of the renal pelvis

Renal pelvis
Inflammation

Pyelitis

Pyel: renal pelvis
-itis : inflammation

50

Surgical incision into the renal pelvis for removal of a stone

Renal pelvis
Stone
Incision

Pyelolithotomy

Pyel/o : renal pelvis
Lith/o : stone
-tomy : incision

51

Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis. Usually caused by bacteria entering the kidneys from the bladder

Renal pelvis
Kidney
Inflammation

Pyelonephritis

Pyel/o : renal pelvis
Nephr : kidney
-itis : inflammation

52

Pus in the urine

Pus
Urine

Pyuria

Py: pus
-uria : urine

53

Pertaining to the kidney

Kidney
Pertaining to

Renal

Ren : kidney
-al : pertaining to

54

Sharp, severe pain in the lower back over the kidney, radiating forward into the groin. Usually accompanies forcible dilation of a ureter, followed by spasm as a stone is lodged or passed thru it

(No word parts)

Renal colic

55

Pathological failure of the kidney to function.

(No word parts)

Renal failure

56

Surgical procedure to implant a donor kidney into a pt.

(No word part)

Renal transplant

57

An enzyme produced by the kidney that stimulates vasoconstriction & secretion of aldosterone

Renin

58

Urine that is left in the bladder after urination

Residual urine

59

Substance that settles at the bottom of a liquid; a precipitate can be produced by centrifuging urine or other body fluids

Sediment

60

Weight of a substance compared w/ an equal amount of water

Specific gravity (sp. gr.)

61

Sample of tissue, blood, urine, or other material intended to show the nature of the whole

Specimen

62

State of being free form living microorganisms

Sterile

63

Abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage such as the esophagus, ureter, or urethra

To tighten, contraction
Process

Stricture

Strict : to tighten, contraction
-ure : process

64

Chief nitrogenous constituent of urine

Urea

65

Excess of urea, creatine, & other nitrogenous end products of protein & amino acid metabolism accumulated in the blood

Urine
Blood condition

Uremia

Ur : urine
-emia : blood condition

66

Surgical repair of the ureter

Ureter
Surgical repair

Ureteroplasty

Ureter/o : ureter
-plasty : surgical repair

67

Surgical creation of a new opening thru the ureter to provide an alternate route for drainage of urine

Ureter
New opening

Ureterostomy

Ureter/o : ureter
-stomy : new opening

68

Narrowing or constriction of the urethra

Urethra
Pertaining to
To tighten, contraction
Process

Urethral stricture

Urethra : urethra
-al : pertaining to
Strict : to tighten, contraction
-ure : process

69

Pertaining to the urethra & perineum

Urethra
Perineum
Pertaining to

Urethroperineal

Urethr/o : urethra
Perine : perineum
-al : pertaining to

70

Sudden need to void, urinate

Urgency

71

End product of purine metabolism; common component of urinary & renal stones

Uric acid

72

Container, toilet, or bathroom fixture into which one urinates

Urine
Pertaining to

Urinal

Urin : urine
-al : pertaining to

73

Analysis of urine; separating of the urine for examination to determine the presence of abnormal elements

Urine
Apart
Destruction, to separate

Urinalysis (UA)

Urin : urine
A- : apart
-lysis : destruction, to separate

74

Process of voiding urine

Urine
Action
Process

Urination

Urin: urine
-ate : action
-ion : process

75

Fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided thru the urethra

Urine

76

Medical instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine

Urine
Instrument

Urinometer

Urin/o : urine
-meter : instrument

77

Brown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilinogen; may be formed in the urine after exposure to air

Urination
Bile
Chemical

Urobilin

Ur/o : urination
Bil : bile
-in : chemical

78

Pigment that gives urine the normal yellow color

Urochrome

79

Means a physician who specializes in the study of the urinary system

Urination
Study of
One who specializes

Urologist

Ur/o : urination
Log : study of
-ist : one who specializes

80

Means the study of the urinary system

Urination
Study of

Urology

Ur/o : urination
-logy : study of

81

To empty the bladder

Void

82

Cholinergic neurotransmitter; plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses at synapses and myoneural junctions

Acetylcholine (ACh)

83

Inability to remain still; motor restlessness and anxiety

Akathisia

84

Loss or lack of voluntary motion

Lack of
Motion, movement

Akinesia

A- : lack of
-kinesia : motion, movement

85

Severe form of senile dementia. Cortical destruction causes variable degrees of confusion, memory loss, & other cognitive defects

Alzheimer's disease (AD)

86

Condition in which there is a loss or lack of memory

Lack of
Memory
Condition

Amnesia

A- : lack of
Mnes : memory
-ia : condition

87

Muscular weakness, atrophy, w/ spasticity caused by degeneration of motor neurons of the spinal cord, medulla, and cortex

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) also called Lou Gehrig disease

88

Condition in which there is a lack of the sensation of pain

Lack of
Condition of pain

Analgesia

An- : lack of
-algesia : condition of pain

89

Congenital condition in which there is a lack of development of the brain

Lack of
Brain
Condition

Anencephaly

An-lack of
Encephal : brain
-y : condition

90

Means the loss or lack of the sense of feeling; a pharmacologically induced reversible state of amnesia

Lack of
Feeling

Anesthesia

An- lack of
-esthesia : feeling

91

Physician who specialized in the science of anesthesia

Anesthesiologist

92

Loss or lack of the ability to eat or swallow

Aphagia

93

Means a lack of the ability to speak. A language disorder in which there is an impairment of producing or comprehending spoken or written language due to brain damage

Aphasia

94

Loss or lack of the ability to use objects properly and to recognize common ones; inability to perform motor tasks or activities of daily living

Apraxia

95

-praxia

Action

96

Loss or lack of strength

Lack of
Strength

Asthenia

A- lack of
-sthenia : strength

97

-sthenia

Strength

98

A primary tumor of the Brian composed of atrocities characterized by slow growth, cyst formation, metastasis, and malignant glioblastoma w/in the tumor mass

Star shaped
Cell
Tumor

Astrocytoma

Astro- : star shaped
Cyt : cell
-Oma : tumor

99

Means loss or lack of order; neurological sign and symptom consisting of lack of coordination of muscle movements.

Lack of
Order coordination

Ataxia

A- : lack of
-taxia : order coordination

100

Abnormal slowness of motion

Slow
Motion, movement

Bradykinesia

Brady- slow
-kinesia : motion, movement

101

Head pain; headache

Head
Pain

Cephalagia

Cephal : head
-algia : pain

102

Pertaining to the cerebellum

Little brain
Pertaining to

Cerebellar

Cerebell: little Brain
-ar : pertaining to

103

Disorder of movement & posture caused by damage to the motor control centers of the developing brain and can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth, or after birth up to abt. Age 3

Cerebral palsy (CP)

104

Pertaining to the cerebrum & the spinal cord

Cerebrum
A thorn, spine
Pertaining to

Cerebrospinal

Cerebr/o : cerebrum
Spin : a thorn, spine
-al : pertaining to

105

Abnormal involuntary movement disorder one of a group of neurological disorders and characterized by epi dosed of rapid, jerky involuntary muscular twitching of the limbs or facial muscles

Chorea

106

Unconscious state or stupor from which the pt. cannot be aroused

Coma

107

Head injury w/ a transient loss of brain function; may also be called mild brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury, mild head injury, & minor head trauma

Shaken violently
Process

Concussion (brain)

Concuss: shaken violently
-ion : process

108

Surgical excision of a portion of the skull (the cranium, which encases the brain)

Skull
Surgical excision

Craniectomy

Cran/i : skull
-ectomy : surgical excision

109

Means surgical incision into the skull. Surgical operation in which a bone flap is removed from the skull to access the brain. Used to repair defects associated w/ traumatic head injuries or to repair a cerebral aneurysm

Skull
Incision

Craniotomy

Crani/o : skull
-tomy : incision

110

A surgical procedure used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms like Parkinson's disease. A battery-operated medical device is implanted

Deep brain stimulation (DBS)

111

Group of symptoms marked by memory loss and loss of other cognitive functions such as perception, thinking, reasoning, & remembering

Down
Mind
Condition

Dementia

De- : down
Ment : mind
-ia : condition

112

Surgical excision of an intervertebral disk

A disk
Surgical Excision

Diskectomy

Disk : a disk
-ectomy : surgical excision

113

Condition in which an individual has difficulty in reading & comprehending written language

Difficult
Diction, word, phrase

Dyslexia

Dys- : difficult
-lexia : diction, word, phrase

114

Impairment of speech that may be caused by a brain lesion

Difficult
Speak, speech

Dysphasia

Dys- :
-phasia : speak, speech

115

Medical instrument used to record the electrical activity of the brain

Electricity
Brain
Instrument for recording

Electroencephalograph

Electr/o : electricity
Encephal/o : brain
-graph : instrument for recording

116

Process of recording the contraction of a skeletal muscle as a result of electrical stimulation; used in diagnosing disorders of nerves supplying muscles

Electricity
Muscle
Recording

Electromyography

Electr/o : electricity
My/o : muscle
-graphy : recording

117

Inflammation of the brain. There are numerous types which are caused by viral infection

Brain
Inflammation

Encephalitis

Encephal : brain
-itis : inflammation

118

Any pathological dysfunction of the brain.

Brain
Disease

Encephalopathy

Encephal/o : brain
-pathy : disease

119

Chemical substances produced in the Brian that act as natural analgesics & provide feelings of pleasure

Endorphins

120

Means pertaining to situated on the dura mater; often used to refer to a form of regional anesthesia involving injection of medication via a catheter into the epidural space

Upon
Dura, hard
Pertaining to

Epidural

Epi- : upon
Dur : dura, hard
-al : pertaining to

121

Minimally invasive form of surgery that introduces medication via an endoscope into the epidural space; used for back pain relief when all other conservative tx have failed

Upon
Dura, hard
Visual examination, to view, examine

Epiduroscopy

Epi- : upon
Dur/o : dura, hard
-scopy : visual examination, to view, examine

122

A neurological disorder involving repeated seizures of any type. Episodes of disturbed brain function that cause changes in attention and/or behavior.

Upon
Seizure

Epilepsy

Epi- : upon
-lepsy : seizure

123

Surgical excision of a ganglion (a mass of nerve tissue outside the brain & spinal cord)

Knot
Surgical excision

Ganglionectomy

Ganglion : knot
-ectomy : surgical excision

124

Tumor composed of neuralgial tissue

Glue
Tumor

Glioma

Gli : glue
-Oma : tumor

125

Pathological condition ion which the myelin sheaths covering peripheral nerves are destroyed, resulting in decreased nerve impulses, loss of reflex response, & sudden muscle weakness.

Guillain-Barré syndrome

126

Weakness on one side of the body that can be caused by a stroke, cerebral palsy, brain tumor, multiple sclerosis, and other brain and nervous system diseases

Half
Weakness

Hemiparesis

Hemi- half
-paresis : weakness

127

Paralysis of one-half of the body when it is divided along the median saggital plane; total paralysis of the arm, leg, and trunk on the same side of the body. Stroke is the most common cause of this condition

Half
Stroke
Paralysis

Hemiplegia

Hemi- : half
-plegia : stroke, paralysis

128

Condition in which part or all of the soft, gelatinous central portion of an intervertebral disk is forced thru a weakened part of the disk

Herniated disk syndrome (HDS)

129

Viral disease characterized by painful vesicular eruptions along the segment of the spinal or cranial nerves; also called shingles

Herpes zoster

130

Condition in which there is an increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid w/in the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to be enlarged. Tx involves the surgical placement of an artificial shunt, which drains the fluid into the abdominal cavity

Water
Head
Pertaining to

Hydrocephalus

Hydro- water
Cephal : head
-us : pertaining to

131

Increased feelings of sensory stimuli, such as pain, touch, or sound

Excessive
Feeling

Hyperesthesia

Hyper- : excessive
-esthesia : feeling

132

Increased muscular movement & motion; inability to be still; also known as hyperactivity

Excessive
Motion

Hyperkinesis

Hyper- : excessive
-kinesia : motion

133

Artificially induced trancelike state resembling somnambulism (sleepwalking)

Sleep
Condition

Hypnosis

Hypn : sleep
-osis : condition

134

Pertaining to w/in the skull

Within
Skull
Pertaining to

Intracranial

Intra- : within
Crani : skull
-al : pertaining to

135

Surgical excision of a vertebral posterior arch

Thin plate
Surgical excision

Laminectomy

Lamin : thin plate
-ectomy : surgical excision

136

Surgical incision into the prefrontal or frontal lobe of the brain

Lobe
Incision

Lobotomy

Lob/o : lobe
-tomy : incision

137

Tumor of the meninges that originates in the arachnoidal tissue

Membrane, meninges
Tumor

Meningioma

Mening/i : membrane, meninges
-oma : tumor

138

Inflammation of the meninges of the spinal cord or brain.

Membrane, meninges
Inflammation

Meningitis

Mening : membrane, meninges
-itis : inflammation

139

Continental hernia in which the meninges protrude thru a defect in the skull or spinal column

Membrane, meninges
Hernia

Meningocele

Mening/o : membrane, meninges
-cele : hernia

140

Congenital hernia toon of the spinal cord & meninges thru a defect in the vertebral column

Membrane, meninges
Spinal cord
Hernia

Meningomyelocele

Mening/o : membrane, meninges
Myel/o : spinal cord
-cele : hernia

141

Abnormally small head; congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormal smallness of the head in relation to the rest of the body

Small
Head
Pertaining to

Microcephalus

Micro- : small
Cephal : head
-us : pertianing to

142

Chronic disease of the central nervous system marked by damage to the myelin sheath. Plaques occur in the brain & spinal cord causing tremor, weakness, incoordination, paresthesia, & disturbances in vision & speech

Hardening
Condition

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Scler : hardening
-osis : condition

143

Inflammation of the spinal cord

Spinal cord
Inflammation

Myelitis

Myel : spinal cord
-itis : inflammation

144

X-ray recording of the spinal cord after injection of a radiopaque medium into the spinal canal

Spinal cord
Recording

Myelography

Myel/o : spinal cord
-graphy : recording

145

Chronic condition w/ recurrent attacks of uncontrollable drowsiness & sleep

Numbness, sleep, stupor
Seizure

Narcolepsy

Narc/o : numbness, sleep, stupor
-lepsy : seizure

146

Pain in a nerve or nerves

Nerve
Pain

Neuralgia

Neur : nerve
-algia : pain

147

Pathological condition characterized by weakness, exhaustion, & prostration that often accompanies severe depression

Nerve
Weakness

Neurasthenia

Neur : nerve
-asthenia : weakness

148

Surgical excision of a nerve

Nerve
Surgical excision

Neurectomy

Neur : nerve
-ectomy : surgical excision

149

Thin membranous sheath that envelops a nerve fibers also called sheath of Schwann or neurolemma

Nerve
A sheath, husk, rind

Neurilemma

Neur/i : nerve
-lemma : a sheath, husk, rind

150

Germ (embryonic) cell from which nervous tissue is formed

Nerve
Germ cell

Neuroblast

Neur/o : nerve
-blast : germ cell

151

Malignant tumor composed of cells resembling neuroblasts; occurs mostly in infants & kids

Nerve
Germ cell
Tumor

Neuroblastoma

Neur/o : nerve
-blast : germ cell
-Oma : tumor

152

Nerve cell, neuron

Nerve
Cell

Neurocyte

Neur/o : nerve
-cyte : cell

153

Fibrous connective tissue tumor of a nerve

Nerve
Fiber
Tumor

Neurofibroma

Neur/o : nerve
Fibr : fiber
-Oma : tumor

154

Supporting or connective tissue cells of the central nervous system

Nerve
Glue

Neuroglia

Neur/o : nerve
-glia : glue

155

Physician who specializes in the study of the nervous system

Nerve
Study of
One who specializes

Neurologist

Neur/o : nerve
Log : study of
-ist : one who specializes

156

The study of the nervous system

Nerve
Study of

Neurology (neuro)

Neur/o : nerve
-logy : study of

157

Tumor of nerve cells & nerve fibers

Nerve
Tumor

Neuroma

Neur : nerve
-Oma : tumor

158

Any pathological nervous tissue disease

Nerve
disease

Neuropathy

Neur/o : nerve
-pathy : disease

159

Chemical substance such as dopamine and acetylcholine, transmitted across a synapse that transmit a signal between 2 neurons

Neurotransmitter

160

Malignant tumor derived & composed of oligodendroglia (a type of cell that makes up one component of the tissue of the CNS)

Little
Tree
Glue
Tumor

Oligodendroglioma

Oligo- : little
Dendr/o : tree
Gli : glue
-oma : tumor

161

Surgical destruction of the globes pallidus of the brain done to treat involuntary movements or muscular rigidity in Parkinson's disease

Globus pallidus
Incision

Pallidotomy

Pallid/o : globus pallidus
-tomy : incision

162

Pathological loss of sensation or an impairment of motor function

Palsy

163

Swelling of the optic disk, usually caused by increased intracranial pressure (ICP); also called choked disk

Papilla
Swelling

Papilledema

Papill : papilla
-edema : swelling

164

Paralysis of the lower part of the body and of both legs

Beside
Stroke, paralysis

Paraplegia

Para- :beside
-plegia : stroke, paralysis

165

Slight, partial, or incomplete paralysis

Paresis

166

Abnormal sensation, feeling of numbness, prickling, or tingling

Beside
Feeling

Paresthesia

Par- : beside
-esthesia : feeling

167

A progressive neurological disorder caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the part of the brain that controls movement. This degeneration creates a shortage of the brain signaling chemical known as dopamine, causing the movement impairments that characterize the disease

Parkinson's disease

168

Sudden recurrence of the symptoms of a disease, an exacerbation; also means a spasm or seizure

Paroxysm

169

Chromaffin cell tumor of the adrenal medulla or of the sympathetic nervous system

Dusky
Color
Cell
Tumor

Pheochromocytoma

Phe/o : dusky
Chrom/o : color
Cyt : cell
-Oma : tumor

170

Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord

Gray
Spinal cord
Inflammation

Poliomyelitis

Poli/o : gray
Myel : spinal cord
-itis : inflammation

171

Literally means inflammation involving many nerves

Many
Nerve
Inflammation

Polyneuritis

Poly- : many
Neur : nerve
-itis : inflammation

172

Paralysis of all four extremities and usually the trunk due to injury to the spinal cord in the cervical spine

Four
Stroke, paralysis

Quadriplegia

Quadri- :four
-plegia : stroke, paralysis

173

Sensory nerve ending that receives and relays responses to stimuli

Receptor

174

Acute disease that causes edema of the brain and increased intracranial pressure, hypoglycemia, and fatty infiltration of the liver and other vital organs; occurs in children and has a relation to aspirin administration can be viral in origin

Reye syndrome

175

Severe pain along the course of the sciatic nerve

Sciatica

176

State of rest for the body and mind; has 2 distinct types;

Sleep

177

Condition of sleepwalking

Sleep
To walk
Condition

Somnambulism

Somn : sleep
Ambul : to walk
-ism : condition

178

Surgical procedure to bind vertebra after removal of a herniated disk; also called spinal fusion

Vertebra
Together
Binding

Spondylosyndesis

Spondyl/o : vertebra
Syn- together
-desis : binding

179

Death of focal brain tissue that occurs when the brain doesn't get sufficient blood and oxygen; also called cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or brain attack

Stroke

180

Pertaining to below the dura mater

Below
Dura, hard
Pertaining to

Subdural

Sub- :below
Dur : dura, hard
-al : pertaining to

181

Increased agitation or restlessness that occurs in the late afternoon or early evening in patients w/ cognitive impairment; most common w/ Alzheimer's-type dementia & pakinsons

Sundowning

182

Surgical excision of a portion of the sympathetic nervous system

Sympathy
Surgical excision

Sympathectomy

Sympath : sympathy
-ectomy : surgical excision

183

Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a lack of blood supply to the brain; also called fainting

Syncope

184

Pertaining to the sense of touch

Tactile

185

Inherited, progressive disease marked by degeneration of brain tissue; predominately affects Jewish children of ashkenazi origin

Tay-Sachs disease

186

Use of mild electrical stimulation to interfere w/ the transmission of painful stimuli; has proved useful in relieving pain in some patients

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

187

Surgical incision of the vagus nerve

Vagus, wandering
Incision

Vagotomy

Vag/o : vagus, wandering
-tomy : incision

188

X-ray of the cerebral ventricles

Ventricle
Record

Ventriculogram

Ventricul/o : ventricle
-gram : record