Chapter 12 Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Final Deck (13):
1

 Social Change

refers to alterations in the institutional and organized life of society
• Structure and functions of society
o Social change is only a part of the broader category of Cultural Change

2

 Cultural Change

embraces all the alterations that are occurring in any branch in the life of society
• Including of a special importance: science and technology (also art, philosophy)
o The results of changes in the form of social organization – social change
• Occurs through processes of discovery, invention, diffusion, stimulus diffusion

3

o Revitalization

could be a social movement that does not have religious reference
• A movement that forms in an attempt to deliberately bring about change in that particular social setting
 Frequently initiated by an identifiable individual
WHAT KIND OF AUTHORITY WOULD WEBER SAY THIS PERSON HAS?
o CHARISMATIC

4

 Revivalistic Movement

: attempt to revive what is often perceived as a past golden age

5

 Nativisitc Movement

a type of revitalization movement that develops in traditional societies that are threatened by the activities of more technologically advanced societies

6

 Millenarian Movement

a type of revitalization movement that envisions a change through an apocalyptic transformation

7

o Neo-Paganism and Revival - • Margaret Murray

• The Wiccan Movement
 The Witch Cult in Wester Europe
• You should know something about how Neo-Paganism is an attractive option for spiritual people who are deeply troubled by issues of human-centered theology, patriarchal theology and religion used to express power rather than healing

8

o Denomination

a religious group that differs on just a few points from mainstream religion

9

o Fundamentalism

a religious movement characterized by a return to fundamental principles, usually including a resistance to modernization and an emphasis on certainty through a literal interpretation of the scriptures
• E.g. Mormon Fundamentalism, Islamic Fundamentalism

10

• Characteristics of Fundamentalist Groups

 Totalism: the belief that religion is relevant to, and should be a part of, all parts of society – as opposed to secularism
 Scripturalism: the practice of justifying beliefs and actions by reference to the religious text
 Traditioning: the idea that religious texts are relevant to life today

11

o Sect

a new branch of a mainstream religion, usually involving new revelations, new scriptures

12

o Cult

: most commonly used to describe a small, recently created, and spiritually innovative group, often with a single charismatic leader – avoided by scholars

13

o New Religious Movements

• A historically recent religious movement, often involving new leaders and new scriptures or new interpretations of older religious traditions
 E.g.
• Branch Dravidians
• Unification Church
• UFO Religions (Heaven’s Gate, Raelians)
 Branched off from a more established religion
• IF it has, and even in branching off, it is considered mainstream → DENOMINATION