Chapter 12 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 part 2 Deck (20):
1

In families with dual-earner couples, who is most severely time-crunched?
a. those with children at home
b. those with grandparents living with them
c. those with teenage children
d. childless couples

those with children at home

2

When are families more likely to hire outside help?
a. when women make a larger share of the income
b. when they have young children
c. when they have teenage children
d. when they have a commuter relationship

when women make a larger share of the income

3

How many employees experience work-to-family interference as a serious problem, according to a large study of Canadians working for big companies, governments, or institutions?
a. one in three
b. one in four
c. two in seven
d. three in five

one in four

4

Which workers are least likely to experience work–family interference?
a. single parents
b. mothers of children under 12
c. fathers of teenagers
d. parents of babies

fathers of teenagers

5

According to one study, how was work affected for men in unhappy marriages?
a. They spent an additional six hours a week at work.
b. They had about the same level of productivity as other men.
c. They lost about 38 days a year of work time.
d. They lost less work time than women in unhappy marriages.

They lost about 38 days a year of work time.

6

Which of the following resulted in less strain in juggling work and family roles, according to some studies of workers?
a. the workplace ran by predictable rules
b. the workplace was family-friendly
c. the workplace was managed by a woman
d. the workplace was close to home

the workplace was family-friendly

7

Which of the following terms describes the burdens in caregivers’ day-to-day lives that can be attributed to the need to provide care or assistance to someone else?
a. role spillover
b. caregiver strain
c. family overload
d. caretaking depression

caregiver strain

8

Daycare centres were established only once they were seen to benefit which of the following?
a. society
b. families
c. working mothers
d. children

society

9

Which of the following was a goal of the earliest daycare centres?
a. to turn children into productive members of society
b. to give mothers a break from constantly caring for their children
c. to provide better care than children would get at home
d. to meet the needs of working parents

to meet the needs of working parents

10

In 2010, childcare spaces were available for what percent of Canadian children 0 to 12 years old?
a. 10 percent
b. 20 percent
c. 35 percent
d. 50 percent

20 percent

11

Since 1996, tax money transferred from Ottawa to the provinces and territories has been combined into a single grant called the Canada Health and Social Transfer. What is one result of this practice?
a. childcare is now a federal responsibility
b. the provinces have all adopted the same kinds of programs
c. the federal government reduced its ability to shape social programs
d. the federal government increased its ability to shape social programs

the federal government reduced its ability to shape social programs

12

What is the Universal Child Care Benefit?
a. parents receive $100 a month for each child under six
b. low income families can deduct the cost of childcare up to $7000 per child
c. lone parents are reimbursed for 80 percent of their childcare expenses
d. every Canadian family with children receives a $500 credit on their income tax

parents receive $100 a month for each child under six

13

How long is maternity and parental leave paid through the federal Employment Insurance fund?
a. 17 weeks
b. 6 months
c. 1 year
d. 2 years

1 year

14

Why is there is no national policy regarding daycare?
a. daycare is a provincial matter
b. daycare is a municipal matter
c. no government has wanted to set standards
d. there has been insufficient funding to set standards

daycare is a provincial matter

15

Why was 1995 a critical time for daycare?
a. The Chrétien government provided increased funding for daycare.
b. There was pressure from Quebec for more federal involvement in social policies.
c. The federal government announced cuts in social spending.
d. The federal government set national standards for daycare providers.

The federal government announced cuts in social spending.

16

What happened after Quebec introduced its Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in 2000?
a. nearly every child in Quebec was registered in a regulated daycare
b. there was a substantial increase in the employment of women from two-parent families
c. other provinces quickly adopted the same program
d. allowances for childcare were given directly to families instead of funding centres

there was a substantial increase in the employment of women from two-parent families

17

Which province had the highest childcare fees in 2012?
a. Ontario
b. Alberta
c. Nova Scotia
d. British Columbia

Ontario

18

Because Janus and Inez both work, they need to find daycare for their three-year-old daughter. Which problem do they likely face, along with many other parents?
a. difficulty locating informal care
b. the cost of good daycare
c. the long hours the daycare centre keeps their child
d. the love their child will develop for her caregiver

the cost of good daycare

19

Why might parents who work shifts, weekends, or irregular hours have difficulty with daycare?
a. Most daycare is based on a nine-to-five parental work schedule.
b. Parents want their child to sleep in his or her own bed at the regular time.
c. Not all transportation services needed to reach the centre are available at off-hours.
d. Paying for daycare at irregular hours is much more expensive.

Most daycare is based on a nine-to-five parental work schedule.

20

Which province provides inexpensive daycare, or tax credits, to all children up to age 12?
a. Newfoundland
b. Quebec
c. Alberta
d. British Columbia

Quebec