Chapter 12 Reading Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Reading Deck (22):
1

Ethnic Group

people who are seen by themselves and others as sharing a distinctive subculture

2

Minority Group

Lack of power- economic, political, or just power... AKA SUBORDINATE GROUPS. Prejudice and discrimination

3

Gendered Racism

Esp. faced in women that are in the ethnic minority

4

Prejudice

Negative attitude toward an entire category of people

5

Stereotypes

Overgeneralizations about a category of people

6

Discrimination

Unequal and unjust treatment of individuals on the basis of their group memberships

7

Individual Discrimination

Discriminating an individual

8

Direct Institutional Discrimination

Openly biased practices of an institution.

9

Indirect Institutional Discrimination

Policies that appear to be natural, but in practice result of unfair treatment of minority groups

10

Racism

One race is superior to the other race

11

Scapegoats

Individuals who are unfairly blamed for other people's problems

12

Contact Hypothesis

Under equal status, intergroup interaction can reduce prejudice

13

Conflict Theory

Conditions of unequal power and competition generate discrimination

14

Genocide

Extermination of large numbers of the members of a minority group

15

Expulsion

Refugees or emigrate

16

Population Transfer

Confine in a limited territory

17

Open Subjugation

Dominant group views the minority as economically valuable, NO pretense is made that the minority is equal to the dominant

18

Segregation

Physical and Social separation of dominant and minority groups.

19

Assimilation

Minorities shed their differences and blend in with the dominant group

20

Pluralism

Dominant relations: multiculturalism...
Minority groups maintain much of their cultural identity, yet do not experience significant discrimination.

21

Separatism

A policy of voluntary structural and cultural isolation from the dominant group

22

Affirmative Action

Public and private efforts to recruit people of color and women into educational programs and jobs