Chapter 12 Section 1 &2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Section 1 &2 Deck (39):
1

United States was the world's leading _________ by the late 1800s.

Industrial Nation

2

By 1914 the GDP was ___ times greater than it had been at the end of the Civil War.

8

3

In 1859, _______________ drilled the first oil well near Titusville, Pennsylvania.

Edwin Drake

4

Population growth stemmed from what two large causes?

Large families and a flood of immigrants

5

In 1867 who succeeded in creating the first telephone?

Alexander Graham Bell

6

Name 5 Things Thomas Edison invented or improved

Electric Generator, Lightbult, Motion Picture, Dictaphone, Battery

7

Edison supplied electric power to what major city?

New York City

8

Who invented an air-brake system for railroads?

George Westinghouse

9

Name some other inventions during the 1800s

Ice Machine, Refridgerated Railroad Car, Powerdriven sewing machine and cloth cutter

10

What economic strategy was practiced in the late 1800s?

Laissez-Faire

11

After the Southern states seceded, the Republican controlled Congress passed the _______________

Morrill Tarrif

12

The railroad boom began when who signed the Pacific Railway Act in 1862?

Abraham Lincoln

13

Who directed the Union Pacific Railway?

Grenville Dodge

14

Who directed the Central Pacific Railroad?

Theordore Judah

15

Workers completed the _____________ in four years

Transcontinental Railroad

16

The Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad met where?

Promontory Summit, Utah

17

Who was one of the most successful railroad Consolidators?

Cornelius Vanderbilt

18

Who decided to divide the country into 4 time zones?

The American Railway Association

19

The Federal Government gave out what in order to encourage railroad construction across the great plains?

Land Grants

20

Corruption in the Railroad industry became public in 1872 when the ____________________ scandal broke out.

Credit Mobilier

21

This Scandal created the impression that all railroad entrepreuners were _______

Robber Barons

22

who was the most notoriously corrupt railroad owner?

Jay Gould

23

Who was an honest Rilroad consolidator?

James J. Hill

24

What Railroad did James HIll operate?

Great Northern Railroad.

25

Regions where the same time is kept?

Time Zone

26

Built the Great Northern Railroad

James J. Hill

27

One of the most successful railroad consolidators

Cornelius Vanderbilt

28

Given to the railroad companies by the government to encourage railroad construction

land grants

29

Which transcontitnental railroad operated without government subsidies and was the only one not forced into bankrupcy?

Great Northern Railroad

30

By linking the nation, railroads helped increase the size of markets for _________

products

31

The Central Pacific Railroad began as the dream of engineer_________

Theodore Dehone Judah

32

What railroad began pushing westward under the direction of engineer Grenville Dodge?

Union Pacific

33

The Central Pacific Railroad had primary investors who were known as _________

The Big Four

34

because of a shortage of work in California, about 10,000 workers from _________ were hired.

China

35

Railroad companies stimulated the economy by spending money on ________________________________

Steel, Coal, Timber and other necessities.

36

Railroad________resulted in seven giant systems that controlled most rail traffic.

growth

37

Before the 1880s each community set its clocks by the ___________

Suns position at noon.

38

The ARA divided the country into 4 time zones to make rail service ______________ and _________

Reliable, safer

39

During the 1850-60s the federal land grant system awarded railroad companies _____________ acres of land

120 million