Chapter 12 - The Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - The Digestive System Deck (48)
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1

Peristalsis

Wave like contractions of the organ walls to move food through the digestive tract

2

Digestive tract other names

Alimentary canal, gastrointestinal tract

3

Peritoneum

Large serous membrane that covers and separates the organs of the abdominal cavity

4

Hard palate

Anterior. Made of bone

5

Soft palate

Posterior. Made of soft tissue.

6

Uvula

Used for speech production. Hangs from soft palate

7

Lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

Muscle that keeps stomach contents from refluxing. Also called the cardiac sphincter.

8

Contents of the stomach

Pepsin (enzyme)
Hydrochloric acid (HCl)

9

Pylorus

Stomachs lower portion

10

Duodenum

First portion of the small intestine

11

Jejunum

Second portion of the small intestine

12

Ileum

Last portion of the small intestine

13

Villi

Small projections in the intestinal lining that aid absorption of water, minerals and vitamins

14

Lacteals

Lymphatic capillaries that absorb small molecules of digested fats

15

Saliva

Salivary amylase

16

Bucc/o

Cheek

17

Dent/o, dent/I

Tooth, teeth

18

Odont/o

Tooth, teeth

19

Gingiv/o

Gum

20

Gloss/o

Tongue

21

Lingu/o

Tongue

22

Gnath/o

Jaw

23

Labi/o

Lips

24

Or/o

Mouth

25

Stoma, stomat/o

Mouth

26

Palat/o

Palate

27

Sial/o

Saliva, salivary glands, salivary duct

28

Uvul/o

Uvula

29

Esophag/o

Esophagus

30

Gastr/o

Stomach