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Flashcards in Chapter 13-14 Deck (29):
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What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800’s?

The Oregon Country

1

How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?

Trapping Beaver

2

Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?

Reports of fertile land for farming

3

What is Manifest Destiny?

The belief that 'Merica has the God-given right to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean

4

Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?

Stephen F. Austin

5

Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of the Alamo?

General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

6

Who was the backwoodsman from Tennessee who volunteered fight at the Alamo?

Davy Crockett

7

What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?

Bought them some time

8

Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?

Sam Houston

9

What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 Mexicans, including Santa Anna?

The Battle of San Jacinto

10

What was the rallying cry of the men at the Battle of San Jacinto?

"Remember the Alamo!!"

11

What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?

The Lone Star Republic

12

What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control NM and CA?

1.) Trade
2.) Clear Passageway to the Pacific Ocean
3.) Manifest Destiny

13

Where did America believe the southern border of Texas was? Where did Mexico believe it was?

America: Rio Grande River
Mexico: Nueces River (150 miles N)

14

What was the cause of the Mexican American War?

April 24, 1846, Mexican Troops Attack Zachary Taylor and his troops in the disputed border area

15

What did Mexico end up losing after the war?

Half of its Territory

16

The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

17

What did Mexico give up in the Mexican Cession?

California & New Mexico

18

Why did the Mormons go to Utah?

So they could safely practice their religion

19

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?

Bringham Young (BYU)

20

How were mining towns run if there were no jails or police?

Vigilance committees

21

What did the California Gold Rush do to the earth’s gold supply?

It doubled it

22

Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?

Levi Strauss

23

The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?

California's Economy

24

What finalized the American mainland?

The Gadsen Purchase

25

What united the East to the Midwest in 1860?

Railroads

26

Why did people from Ireland migrate to the US (What was wrong in their country)?

Potato Famine

27

What was “king” in the American South and what city was the “capital”?

Cotton
Memphis, Tennessee

28

Who owned small farms of 50 to 200 acres in the South?

Yeomen Farmers