Chapter 13-14 Flashcards Preview

8th History > Chapter 13-14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13-14 Deck (29):
1

How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?

Trapping beavers

2

Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?

Reports of fertile land for farming

3

What is Manifest Destiny?

Belief that America should extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean

4

Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?

Stephen F. Austin

5

Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of the Alamo?

Santa Anna

6

Who was the backwoodsman from Tennessee who volunteered fight at the Alamo?

Davy Crockett

7

What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?

Bought some much needed time

8

Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?

Sam Houston

9

What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 Mexicans,
including Santa Anna?

Battle of San Jacinto

10

What was the rallying cry of the men at this battle?

"Remember the Alamo"

11

What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?

Lone Star Republic

12

What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control NM and CA?

-Dark Horse candidate
-"Young Hickory"
-Firm believer in Manifest Destiny

13

What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800’s?

Oregon

14

Who was the first Californian to discover gold on his property?

John Sutter

15

How were mining towns run if there were no jails or police?

Vigilance committees

16

What did the California Gold Rush do to the earth’s gold supply?

Doubled the world’s supply of gold

17

Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?

Levi Strauss

18

The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?

California's economy

19

What finalized the American mainland?

The Gadsden Purchase

20

What united the East to the Midwest in 1860?

Railroad tracks

21

Why did people from Ireland migrate to the US (What was wrong in their
country)?

Terrible potato famine

22

What was “king” in the American South and what city was the “capital”?

Cotton

23

Who owned small farms of 50 to 200 acres in the South?

Yeomen farmers

24

Where did America believe the southern border of Texas was? Where did Mexico
believe it was?

Rio Grande- Nueces River

25

What was the cause of the Mexican American War?

Mexico claimed the Nueces River as its northeastern border, while the U.S. claimed the Rio Grande River, and the day that both troops met at the Rio Grande and the Mexican army opened fire

26

What did Mexico end up losing after the war?

California and Texas

27

The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

28

Why did the Mormons go to Utah?

They thought moving somewhere else they could live peacefully

29

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?

Joseph Smith