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stakeholders

those who have a vested interest in the health care industry in the United States, and in any efforts to reform the industry

1

cost

the amount individuals, employers, state and federal governments, HMOs, and insurers spend on health care in the United States

2

quality

the degree of health care and the means to purchase health care services

3

gross domestic product (GDP)

the total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year

4

baby boom generation

those individuals born between 1946 and 1964

5

agency for healthcare research and quality (AHRQ)

the lead federal agency responsible for tracking and improving the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for americans

6

life expectancy

the number of years an individual can expect to live, calculated form his or her birth

7

life span

the number of years an individual actually lives

8

medical management

the management of patient care and populations

9

pharmacogenomics

the science that defines how individuals are genetically programed to respond to drugs

10

genometrics

the science of determining how genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals

11

epigenetics

the study of changes in gene activity that do not involve alterations to the genetic code, but are still passed down to at least one successive generation

12

proteomics

the study of the proteins that create or "express"

13

personalized medicine

the product and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care

14

state children's health initiative program (SCHIP)

a program enacted by the balanced budget act of 1997 to help low- income children under 19 who are not covered by medicaid