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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (16):
1

What is recombinant DNA?

A piece of DNA that is been modified by the addition of something else

2

What is a transgenic organism?

An organism that has recombinant DNA in it and displays traits from both

3

Can both mutations and recombinants happen on their own in nature?

Yes

4

What is a short segment of DNA with sticky ends?

RFLP

5

What is a process that makes more DNA?

PCR

6

What process will separate DNA RFLPs segments

Electrophoresis

7

What particular process is used to sequence DNA?

Polyacrymilide gel electrophoresis

8

What are probes used in DNA for

To highlight repeated segments on genes, identify an important disease causing gene, identify a gene that is not functioning correctly

9

What is used to get a foreign gene into an organism

Viruses and bacteria plasmids

10

RFLP's

Cut

11

STR's

Repetitions

12

What is not a commonly used method of modifying the DNA of an organism

Polymerase chain reaction

13

Matching DNA samples and forensics uses a specific set of small genes called what

STRs

14

What does RFLP do?

Protects against invasions of viruses

15

What goes with recombinants

Transgenics and GMO

16

What are enzymes that bacteria make

Restriction endonuclease