Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (60):
1

albumin

protein in the blood; the proper amount of water in the blood

2

an/is/o/cytosis

an-without
is-same equal
cytosis-condition of cells
abnormal sizing of red blood cells

3

antibody

specific protein that is produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria

4

bilirubin

orange yellow piglet in bile

5

antigen

substance that stimulates the production of an antibody

6

colony-stimulating factor

protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells

7

differentiation

change in structure and function as cell matures

8

electrophoresis

method of serrating serum proteins by electrical charge

9

erythro/blast

erythro-red
blast-immature cell
immature red blood cell

10

cyt/ology

cyto-cells
logy-study of
study of cells

11

erythro/poietin

hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate of red blood cell formation

12

eosinophil

white blood cells that when stained turn red

13

eosinophillia

eosin-red
phillia-attraction for an increase of cells
need of red blood cells

14

fibrin

protein that forms the basis of blood clotting

15

fibrin/ogen

plasma proteins that become fibrin during blood clotting

16

globulin

plasma protein

17

erythro/poiesis

erythro-red
poiesis-formaition
formation and development of red blood cells

18

fibrin/o/gen

plasma proteins that become fibrin during blood clotting

19

granul/o/cyto/penia

granule-granules
cyto-cells
penia-deficiency
eryhtroyte deficiency

20

hemat/o/poiesis

hemat-blood
poiesis-formation
formation and development of blood cells

21

hematopoietic stem cell

cell in the bone marrow that give rise to all types of blood cells

22

hemoglobin

blood protein containing iron;carries oxygen to red blood cells

23

heparin

anticoagulant found in the blood and tissue cells

24

immune reaction

response of the immune system to foreign invasion

25

hemo/globin

blood protein containing iron;carries oxygen to red blood cells

26

hemoglobin/o/pathy

hemoglobin-blood protein containing iron
pathy-disease
disease regarding the hemoglobin
like sickle cell anemia

27

hemo/lysis

hemo-blood
lysis-destruction, breakdown
destruction of blood cells

28

hemo/stasis

hemo-blood
stasis-stop,control
stopping the blood flows

29

megakaryocyte

large platelets precursor cell found in the bone marrow

30

hypo/chromic

hypo-below
chromic-color
low color
deficiency of hemoglobins in red blood cells

31

myeloblast

immature bone marrow cells

32

neutrophil

granulocytic leukocyte formed in the bone marrow

33

leuka/pheresis

leuko-white
pheresis-removal,carrying away
removal of white blood cells from blood

34

plasma/pheresis

removal of plasma from the blood

35

leuko/penia

leuko-white
penia-defiecency
deficiency of white blood cells

36

platelet/pheresis

removal of platelets

37

macro/cyto/sis

macro-large
cytosis-condition of cells
abnormal size of the ethrocytes

38

myel/o/blast

immature bone marrow cells

39

myel/odys/plasia

myel-bone marrow
dys-paid/diffiuclty
plasia-development/gowth
prelukemic condition

40

myel/oid

myel-bone marrow
oid-originated from
relating to the bine marrow

41

myelo/poiesis

myel-bone marrow
poiesis-formation
formation and development of the bone marrow

42

neutro/penia

neuter-neutral
penia-deficiency
deficiency of neutrophils

43

neutro/phil

granulocytic leukocyte formed in the bone marrow

44

neutrophilia

nuetro-nuetro
phillis-attraction for ( or increase cell numbers
increase want for neutrophil

45

pan/cyto/penia

pan-all
cyto-cell
penia-deficiency
decency of red white blood cells

46

phago/cyte

phago-to eat/swallow
cyte-cell
any cell that eats or engulfs debris

47

plasma/pheresis

removal of plasma by blood centifridge

48

stem cell

unspecialized cells

49

platelet

small blood fragments hat collect at the site of injury to start clotting

50

platelet/pheresis

platelet
aphaeresis-removal, a carry away
platelets are removed from the blood

51

poikil/o/cyto/sis

pokily-irregular/varied
cyto-cell
sis-abnormal,condition
irregularity of the shape of the red blood cells

52

prothrombin

plasma protein

53

reticulo/cyte

immature erthyrocyte

54

Rh factor

antigen on red blood cells of RH positive

55

serum

plasma minus proteins and cell

56

sidero/penia

sider-iron
penia-defiency
iron deficiency

57

spher/o/cyto/sis

sphero-globe,round
cyto-cell
osis-abnormal
ethryocyes have a round shape which makes it abnormal and fragile

58

thrombo/cyto/penia

thrombo-platelet
city-cell
penia-deficiency
cell platelet deficiency

59

thrombo/lytic therapy

a treatment used to dissolve blood clots

60

thrombo/sis

thrombi-platelet
sis-abnormal
abnormal platelet cells