Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (21):
1

A form of organization that operates through impersonal, uniform rules and procedures.

Bureaucracy

2

A career government employee.

Bureaucrat

3

Usually the largest organization in the government with the largest mission; also the highest rank in the federal hierarchy.

Department

4

A government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence is protected by congress.

Independent regulatory commission

5

A government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Independent agency

6

A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.

Government corporation

7

Established by congress in 1978 as a flexible mobile corps of senior career executives who work closely with presidential appointees to manage government.

Senior executive service

8

Federal employees who word for government through a competitive,not political selection process.

Civil service

9

A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalist and friends.

Spoils system

10

A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depends on performance rather than political patronage.

Merit system

11

An agency that administers civil service laws, rules, and regulations.

Office of personnel managment

12

An independent agency that oversees and protects merit in the federal government personnel system.

Merit system protection board

13

The process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending.

Implementation

14

Authority given by congress to the federal bureaucracy to use reasonable judgement in implementing laws.

Administrative discretion

15

A precise statement on how a law is implemented.

Rule

16

The official record of what the federal bureaucracy does.

Federal register

17

The portion of the federal budget that is spend on previously enacted programs, such as social security, that the president and congress are unwilling to cut.

Uncontrollable spending

18

Programs such as unemployment insurance, disaster relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens.

Entitlement program

19

Legislative or executive review of a particular government program or organization.

Oversight

20

Review of executive branch testimony, reports, and draft legislation by the office of management and budget to ensure that each communication to congress is in accordance with the presidents program.

Central clearance

21

A federal statute barring federal employees from active participation in certain kinds of politics and protecting then from being fired on partisan grounds.

Hatch act