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Flashcards in Chapter 13 & 14 Deck (29):
0

What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800's

Oregon

1

How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?

Off of trapping beavers

2

Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?

Because of the fertile land for farming

3

What is Manifest Destiny?

Belief that America should extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean

4

Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?

Stephen F. Austin

5

Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of Alamo?

Santa Annas

6

Who was the backwoods man from Tennessee who volunteered to fight at the Alamo?

Davy Crokett

7

What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?

They bought them time that was much needed by killing hundreds of Mexican soldiers

8

Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?

Sam Houston

9

What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 including Santa Annas?

Battle of San Jacinto

10

What was the rallying cry of men at this battle?

"Remember the Alamo"

11

What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?

The Lone Star Republic

12

What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control New Mexico and California?

Trade
To clear a passage way to the Pacific Ocean
Manifest Destiny

13

Where did America believe the Southern Border of Texas was? Where did Mexico?

America believes the border is the Rio Grande River and Mexico believes the Nuecus River is

14

What was the cause of the Mexican American War?

Mexican troops attacked Zachary Taylor and his troops in the disputed border area

15

What did Mexico end up losing after the war?

Half of its territory

16

The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

17

What did Mexico give up in the Mexican Cession?

Ceded California and New Mexico and in return the U.S. gave them $15 million

18

Why did the Mormons go to Utah?

So they could safety practice their religion

19

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?

Brigham Young

20

How were mining towns run if there was no jail or police?

By Vigilantes

21

What did the California Gold Rush do to the worlds gold supply?

It more than doubled it

22

Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?

Levi Strauss

23

The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?

California's economy

24

What finalized the American mainland?

Gadsden Purchase

25

What United the East to the Midwest in the 1860's?

Locomotives

26

Why did people from Ireland migrate to the U.S.? (What was wrong in their country?)

Because of a terrible potato famine

27

What was "king" in the American South and what city was the "capital"?

Cotton is king and Memphis is the capital

28

Who owned small farms from 50 to 200 acres in the South?

Yeomen farmers