Chapter 13 & 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 & 14 Deck (29):
0

What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800’s?

Oregon

1

How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?

They trapped beavers

2

Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?

Because of reports of fertile land for farming

3

What is Manifest Destiny?

Belief that America should extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

4

Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?

Stephen F. Austin

5

Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of the Alamo?

Santa Anna

6

Who was the backwoodsman from Tennessee who volunteered fight at the Alamo?

Davy Crockett

7

What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?

Bought the Texans some much needed time

8

Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?

Sam Houston

9

What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 Mexicans, including Santa Anna?

Battle of San Jacinto

10

What was the rallying cry of the men at this battle?

"Remember the Alamo!"

11

What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?

Lone Star Republic

12

What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control NM and CA?

Trade, creating a clear passage way to the Pacific Ocean, and Manifest Destiny.

13

Where did America believe the southern border of Texas was? Where did Mexico believe it was?

Rio Grande River and Nueces River

14

What was the cause of the Mexican American War?

Mexican troops attacked Zachary Taylor and his troops in the disputed border area.

15

What did Mexico end up losing after the war?

Half of its territory

16

The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

17

What did Mexico give up in the Mexican Cession?

California and New Mexico

18

Why did the Mormons go to Utah?

Their Mormon leader got killed so they left to safely practice their religion.

19

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?

Brigham Young

20

How were mining towns run if there were no jails or police?

Vigilance committees

21

What did the California Gold Rush do to the earth’s gold supply?

Doubled the world's supply of gold

22

Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?

Levi Strauss

23

The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?

California's economy

24

What finalized the American mainland?

The Gadsden Purchase

25

What united the East to the Midwest in 1860?

Railroad tracks

26

Why did people from Ireland migrate to the US (What was wrong in their country)?

Terrible potato famine

27

What was “king” in the American South and what city was the “capital”?

Cotton and Memphis

28

Who owned small farms of 50 to 200 acres in the South?

Yeomen farmers