Flashcards in Chapter 13 & 14 Deck (29):
What area was under joint occupation with Britain in the early 1800’s?
How did the mountain men of Oregon make a living?
They trapped beavers
Why did Americans begin traveling to Oregon?
Because of reports of fertile land for farming
What is Manifest Destiny?
Belief that America should extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
Who recruited 300 American families to help settle land in Mexico?
Stephen F. Austin
Who led the Mexican troops in the Battle of the Alamo?
Who was the backwoodsman from Tennessee who volunteered fight at the Alamo?
What did the defenders of the Alamo do for the Texan fight?
Bought the Texans some much needed time
Who became commander in chief of the Texan forces?
What was the surprise attack that killed 600 Mexicans and captured 700 Mexicans, including Santa Anna?
Battle of San Jacinto
What was the rallying cry of the men at this battle?
"Remember the Alamo!"
What was formed in Texas after Santa Anna surrendered?
Lone Star Republic
What were the 3 reasons Polk was determined to control NM and CA?
Trade, creating a clear passage way to the Pacific Ocean, and Manifest Destiny.
Where did America believe the southern border of Texas was? Where did Mexico believe it was?
Rio Grande River and Nueces River
What was the cause of the Mexican American War?
Mexican troops attacked Zachary Taylor and his troops in the disputed border area.
What did Mexico end up losing after the war?
Half of its territory
The signing of what ended the Mexican American War?
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
What did Mexico give up in the Mexican Cession?
California and New Mexico
Why did the Mormons go to Utah?
Their Mormon leader got killed so they left to safely practice their religion.
Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake area?
How were mining towns run if there were no jails or police?
What did the California Gold Rush do to the earth’s gold supply?
Doubled the world's supply of gold
Who was the Jewish Immigrant who sold the miners pants made of denim?
The Gold Rush had long lasting effects on what?
What finalized the American mainland?
The Gadsden Purchase
What united the East to the Midwest in 1860?
Why did people from Ireland migrate to the US (What was wrong in their country)?
Terrible potato famine
What was “king” in the American South and what city was the “capital”?
Cotton and Memphis